• The State of World Population report is UNFPA’s annual flagship publication.
  • It has been published yearly since 1978.
  • This year the report is titled as SOWP 2023: 8 Billion Lives, Infinite Possibilities.
  • India is most populous country in world.
    • India’s population is pegged to reach 86 crore against China’s 142.57 crore by mid- 2023.
  • More than two-thirds of India’s population (68 percent) belongs to age group of 15- 64 years, followed by 10-24 years group (26%), making India one of the youngest countries in world.
  • In India, life expectancy at birth is estimated at 71 years for men and 74 years for women in India.
  • India’s total fertility rate is estimated at 2.0.
  • Globally, Central and Southern Asia is expected to become the most populous region in world by 2037.
  • The world’s population hit the 800-crore mark in November 2022.
  • More than half of projected increase in global population up to 2050 will be concentrated in eight countriesDemocratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, India, Nigeria, Pakistan, Philippines and Tanzania.

 About UN Population Fund (UNFPA)

  • HQ- New York
  • It is the United Nations sexual and reproductive health agency.
  • It supports access to a wide range of sexual and reproductive health services – including voluntary family planning, maternal health care and comprehensive sexuality education.
  • Its mandate is established by United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC).
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