June 12, 2024

Indian Polity And Governance

General Studies Paper-2 Context: The talks over special category status for Bihar and Andhra Pradesh have once again gained momentum after Lok Sabha elections. About Special Category Status It is a classification granted by the Centre to assist the development of States that face geographical or socio-economic disadvantages. It was introduced in 1969 on the recommendation of the fifth Finance Commission (FC). It was aimed at providing certain states with additional support to overcome geographical and infrastructural handicaps. Factors are considered before granting SCS includes Hilly and difficult terrain Low population density and/or sizeable share of tribal population Strategic location....Read More

General Studies Paper-2 Context: The Supreme Court underscored the constitutional safeguards required before the State can acquire private property. About It is a step to protect private property from arbitrary state takeover for a public purpose. The judgement highlighted the necessity of adhering to fair procedures and upholding the rights of property owners under the Indian Constitution. The compulsory acquisition without following mandatory procedures followed by a grant of compensation to the owners will not make the accession constitutional. Major Highlights of the Judgement As per SC, the right to property is protected as a constitutional right and has even....Read More

General Studies Paper-2  Context – The Supreme Court can resolve the longstanding conflict between fundamental rights and DPSPs in Property Owners Association vs State of Maharashtra case by providing clarity on Article 31C’s validity and adherence to the Constitution’s basic structure. The concept of democracy as a governing method and a core societal value What are the key questions raised in the case of Property Owners Association vs State of Maharashtra? The interpretation of the term “material resources of the community” as mentioned in Article 39(b) of the Constitution. Whether laws enacted to achieve the objective set forth in Article....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: Vice President Jagdeep Dhankhar underlined the need for reformation in the Indian Arbitration system. About He highlighted that the process has become very complex. Award (by arbitration court), objection to award, appeals, and then invocation of Article 136 of the constitution is followed by review and Curative petitions, which has become the norm. Therefore, he stressed the need for streamlining to enhance efficiency. Article 136 deals with Special leave to appeal by the Supreme Court. Article 136 allows citizens to file so-called special leave petitions (SLPs) to appeal before the Supreme Court against any “judgement,....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: Election Commission of India (ECI) issued  notices over Model Code of Conduct (MCC) violation complaints against top leaders of the country . Model Code of Conduct (MCC) It is a set of guidelines published by the Election Commission of India (EC) for political parties and candidates to set standards of conduct during the election campaign and polling. It also explains how parties can lodge complaints to the EC observers in case of dispute and instructs how the Ministers of the parties in power must conduct themselves when the MCC is in force. In 2019, a....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: The Supreme Court upheld the electronic voting machine (EVM) system of polling and refused a plea to revive paper ballots. Supreme Court Judgement The court refused to hand over paper slips from Voter Verifiable Paper Audit Trail (VVPAT) units to electors to take a leisurely look before inserting them into the ballot boxes. It also declined to direct the cross-verification of 100% EVMs and VVPATs across the country. Currently, only five percent of EVM-VVPAT counts are randomly verified in any given Assembly constituency. It also directed the Election Commission of India (ECI) to “seal and....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: Public debt management is getting wider attention in Centre-State financial relations, against the backdrop of the recently constituted Sixteenth Union Finance Commission. About Kerala, had filed a suit in the Supreme Court of India against the Centre’s decision on the net borrowing ceiling of States. These recent developments relate to a clarion call for “asymmetric fiscal rules” relating to deficits and debts in India. Centre-State Financial Relations The Indian Constitution has all the features of a federation with the specification of financial powers and functional responsibilities of the Centre and the States . The Union....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: In recent years, the frequency and intensity of disputes between the Union government and the States have increased. Federalism in India Meaning: Federalism refers to a vertical division of power in a political system. It is a system in which power is divided between a central authority and other constituents. For e.g. in India, political power is divided between the Central government, state governments and the institutions of local governance. Features of a federal system: Multiple levels of government:Federalism, by its very definition, requires multiple levels of government functioning within their defined territory. Division of....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: A committee led by former President Ram Nath Kovind submitted a report on the ‘One Nation One Election’ initiative to the President. Background Simultaneous Elections(One Nation One Election) refer to the idea of holding Lok Sabha and State legislative assembly elections together, with the aim of reducing the frequency of elections and their associated costs. Simultaneous elections in India to the Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assemblies were held in the years 1951-52, 1957, 1962 and 1967.  Thereafter, the schedule could not be maintained and the elections to the Lok Sabha and the State legislative assembly....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) celebrated its 19th Foundation Day on 12th March, 2024. About National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR was established in 2007under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005. The commission’s mandate is to ensure that all laws, policies, programs and administrative systems conform to the vision of the rights of the child as enunciated in the Constitution of India as well as the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.  A child is defined as a person falling in the age group of 0 to 18 years. Functions of....Read More

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