June 23, 2024

Science and Technology


Current Context : Recently, Chad has become the first country in 2024 and the 51st globally to eliminate a neglected tropical disease (NTD),the gambiense form of human African trypanosomiasis (HAT). ABOUT HUMAN AFRICAN TRYPANOSOMIASIS (HAT). It is also also known as sleeping sickness. It is caused by protozoan parasites that transmitted by infected tsetse flies and endemic in sub-Saharan Africa. It takes 2 forms, depending on the subspecies of the infecting parasite: Trypanosoma brucei gambiense: It is found in 24 countries of west and central Africa, currently accounts for 92% of reported cases and causes a chronic illness. Trypanosoma brucei....Read More

Truenat Platform

Current Context : India-made TB diagnostics technology (Truenat) wins acclaim at 77 World Health Assembly in Geneva. ABOUT The Truenat platform is a rapid molecular test for the diagnosis of pulmonary, extrapulmonary and rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis. Developed by Goa-based Molbio, is a molecular diagnostics company. Launched in It is a portable, battery-operated machine that can be deployed at labs, health centres, and in the field. Truenat delivers results from samples in less than an hour and can test for over 40 diseases.Read More

Divya Drishti

Current Context : “Divya Drishti” is an advanced AI tool developed by the woman-led start-up Ingenious Research Solutions. ABOUT  The tool integrates facial recognition with gait and skeleton analysis to enhance identification accuracy and reduce false positives and identity fraud. This dual-approach biometric authentication system has versatile applications across various sectors, including defence, law enforcement, corporate, and public infrastructure. Developed with technical guidance from DRDO’s Centre for Artificial Intelligence & Robotics (CAIR) in Bangalore, “Divya Drishti” signifies a significant advancement in biometric technology.Read More

ISRO’s Aditya-L1

Current Context : Recently, two onboard remote sensing instruments of ISRO’s Aditya-L1 spacecraft’s have captured the recent solar fury. The Solar Ultra Violet Imaging Telescope (SUIT) and the Visible Emission Line Coronagraph (VELC) have captured the dynamic activities of the Sun. ABOUT SUIT AND VELC SUIT: To image Solar Photosphere and Chromosphere in near Ultra-violet (UV) and, to measure solar irradiance variations in near UV. VELC: To study solar corona and dynamics of coronal mass ejections. ABOUT ADITYA L-1 It is India’s first space mission to observe Sun from a halo orbit around the Lagrange point 1 (L1) of Sun-Earth....Read More

Current Context : Tata Consultancy Services (TCS) launched the Gen AI platform WisdomNext. Objective : to remove barriers for customers to develop and launch business solutions, allowing for real-time experimentation across vendor, internal, and open-source large language models. ABOUT WISDOM NEXT. The platform helps companies adopt next-gen technology, lower costs, and operate within a regulatory framework. It offers a single interface for enterprise applications to build AI solutions using a host of open and closed-source LLMs with multi-modal capabilities as well as scale them at optimal costs to derive business outcomes. The platform also brings in features of software-as-a-service (SaaS),....Read More

Current Context : National Highway Authority of India (NHAI) has invited Global Expression of Interest (EOI) from innovative and qualified companies to develop and implement GNSS-based Electronic Toll Collection system in India. Objective : To provide seamless and barrier-free tolling experience to National Highway users and enhance efficiency & transparency of toll operations. ABOUT GNSS-BASED ELECTRONIC TOLL COLLECTION (ETC) SYSTEM: It is a barrier-free method of electronic toll collection. Working : it uses Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) technology to track vehicles and calculate tolls based on the distance travelled on tolled highways. NHAI plans to implement the GNSS-based electronic....Read More

SpaceX’s Starship

Current Context : SpaceX's Starship rocket returned from space and achieved a breakthrough landing demonstration in the Indian Ocean. Rocket completed a full test mission around the globe in the fourth try. Elon Musk's space company to build a reusable satellite launcher and moon lander. The two-stage, rocket system, which stands nearly 400 feet (120-meter) tall, consists of the Starship vessel mounted atop its towering Super Heavy rocket booster. ABOUT STARSHIP SpaceX’s Starship spacecraft and Super Heavy rocket, collectively referred to as It represents a fully reusable transportation system designed to carry both crew and cargo to Earth orbit, the....Read More

Current Context : ISRO announced the joint Indo-French infrared earth observation satellite mission, TRISHNA (Thermal Infra-Red Imaging Satellite for High-Resolution Natural Resource Assessment). Aim : to monitor surface temperature and water management around the world. The mission will study water presence and concentrations, as well as dynamics including melting glaciers, in various parts of the biosphere. It will also study aerosols, water vapour, and clouds in the atmosphere around the world. It is currently tentatively set to launch in 2025 with an expected lifespan of 5 years. The satellite will carry two primary payloads. The Thermal Infra-Red (TIR) payload will....Read More

Current Context : The Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) has invited Expressions of Interest (EoI) from eligible organizations for the “joint development and commercialisation” of low dose or paediatric oral formulation of hydroxyurea to treat sickle cell disease in India. ABOUT  SICKLE CELL AND HYDROXYUREA Sickle cell disease is a monogenic disorders of haemoglobin and hydroxyurea, a myelosuppressive agent, is an effective drug for treating patients of sickle cell disease and thalassemia. India has the highest prevalence of sickle cell disease in South Asia and over 20 million sickle cell affected individuals reside in the country.Read More

Current Context : Institute of Technology (IIT), Dharwad, Karnataka has developed a fire rescue assistant drone. It is a new step for fire safety. It is designed to be able to fly through small rooms and high temperatures, which is important for fighting fires in complicated places. Drone was unveiled during the two-day workshop on ‘Drone design and autonomous navigation in fire rescue’ (DDANFR 2024) was organised by the Fire and Thermal Research Laboratory (FTRL) and the Control Systems and Robotics Laboratory at IIT.Read More

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