February 28, 2024

Polity


The 17th Lok Sabha, which concluded in February 2024, witnessed a notable decline in its average annual sitting days to 55 according to a statistical study by the non-profit PRS Legislative Research. AVERAGE ANNUAL SITTING DAYS: First Lok Sabha (With Jawaharlal Nehru as Leader): Average: 135 days per year. 17th Lok Sabha (Concluded in February 2024): Average: 55 days per year. Total sittings: 274. Factors Influencing Decrease: Pandemic Impact: Pandemic mentioned as one explanation for the decrease in sitting days. Session Adjournments: 11 out of 15 sessions during the 17th Lok Sabha were adjourned early. Resulted in the cancellation of....Read More

The Uttarakhand government has constituted a nine-member committee to prepare the draft rules for the Uniform Civil Code (UCC). The committee will be headed by retired IAS officer Shatrughan Singh. Mr. Singh was also in the five-member committee formed by the State government in May 2022, to prepare a draft for the UCC. Additional Secretary (Justice) Uttarakhand Sudhir Singh, Inspector General of Police Training Barinderjit Singh, Doon University Vice-Chancellor Surekha Dangwal and social worker Manu Gaur are among the members of the committee set up to prepare UCC rules. Ms. Dangwal and Mr. Gaur too were part of the UCC....Read More

Uniform Civil Code

The five-member committee constituted for drafting the Uniform Civil Code (UCC) in Uttarakhand handed over its final report to the State’s Chief Minister. ABOUT THE RECOMMENDATIONS The UCC draft, spanning around 750 pages and spread across four volumes, is written in ‘full’ Hindi and does not have a single word of ‘Urdu’ or any other language. The committee has recommended strict punishment for triple talaq and nikahhalala practices, pertaining to Muslim personal laws and also suggested keeping the tribal community out of the UCC ambit. The tribal population of Uttarakhand constitutes around 2.9 per cent of the total population. The....Read More

The Prime Minister inaugurated the Diamond Jubilee celebration of the Supreme Court of India on 28 January at the Supreme Court auditorium. He also launched citizen-centric information and technology initiatives that include- The Digital Supreme Court Reports (SCR) will make Supreme Court judgments available to the citizens of the country free of cost and in electronic format. The key features of digital SCR are that all 519 volumes of the Supreme Court reports since 1950, covering 36,308 cases, shall be available in a digital format, bookmarked, user-friendly, and with open access. Digital Courts 2.0 application is a recent initiative under....Read More

The Andhra Pradesh government has started “caste survey", aimed at creating a comprehensive caste-based database of people. The comprehensive caste census is scheduled for 10 days in one phase and if needed, it will be extended by four or five days. Andhra Pradesh has become the second state after Bihar to take up the caste census. During the ‘caste survey’, volunteers will visit every home to collect the caste details, which will be relayed to the village secretariat system. A mobile application has been created to collect details of individuals instantaneously during the visit of village and ward secretariat staffers....Read More

Three northeastern states-- Tripura, Meghalaya and Manipur celebrated their 52nd Statehood Day. With the introduction of North-East Area (Re-organisation) Act 1971, Tripura, Manipur and Meghalaya attained statehood on January 21, 1972.Read More

The 71st plenary session of the North Eastern Council (NEC) was recently held in Shillong.   ABOUT NORTH EASTERN COUNCIL NEC is not a constitutional body, but a statutory organization established under the North Eastern Council Act, 1971, as amended in 2002. It is the nodal agency for the social and economic development of the North Eastern Region in India consisting of the 8 States of Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Sikkim, Nagaland and Tripura. The Council comprises Governors and Chief Ministers of constituent States and three members nominated by the President. It works under the administrative purview of....Read More

Disqualification of MLAs

Maharashtra Assembly Speaker Rahul Narwekar rejected disqualification petitions filed against 30 Shiv Sena MLAs from both factions citing a lack of valid grounds. ANTI DEFECTION LAW The anti-defection law punishes individual Members of Parliament (MPs)/Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs) for leaving one party for another. It was added to the Constitution by Constitution (52nd Amendment) Act as the Tenth Schedule in 1985 in order to bring stability to governments by discouraging political defections. Grounds of Disqualification If an elected member voluntarily gives up his membership of a political party or If he votes or abstains from voting in such....Read More

The Election Commission of India has revised rules for allocating common symbols to Registered Unrecognized Political Parties, subject to certain conditions. ECI allots symbols to political parties under the Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. ECI announced that RUPPs which have submitted their contribution reports and audited annual accounts for the past three financial years, as well as election expenditure statements for their last two contested elections, will be eligible for ‘concession of common symbol allotment’. A newly registered party, a political group that has not attained a certain vote percentage or general elections to be recognised as a....Read More

The West Bengal government has declared 'Poila Boisakh', the first day of the Bengali New Year, which usually falls on April 14 or 15, as the State Day. The State Day will be called 'Bangla Divas'. Also 'Banglar Mati Banglar Jal', written by Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore as the State Song.Read More

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