July 12, 2024


Speedy Trial

Current Context : Recently, Supreme Court underscored that the constitutional right of a speedy trial, as enshrined in Article 21, applies to all cases regardless of the crime's gravity. SPEEDY TRIAL AS CONSTITUTIONAL RIGHT  Article 21 of the Constitution gives all individuals the fundamental right to life and personal liberty. Through a catena of SC judgments, the right to speedy trial has been acknowledged as an extension of Article 21. It emphasizes that defendant should be tried for their alleged crimes within a reasonable time period. Judgement : In Kartar Singh Vs State of Punjab (1994), a Constitution bench of....Read More

Current Context : Recently, Certain portions of speech from opposition leaders were expunged from the record of parliament during 1st Assembly of 18th L.S. ABOUT EXPUNCTION Expunction means deletion of words, phrases or expressions from the proceedings or records for being defamatory or indecent or unparliamentary or undignified. Presiding officer of the house (Speaker in Lok Sabha and Chairman in Rajya Sabha) has the authority to decide which portion will be expunged. Rule 380 and 381 of the Rules of Procedure in Lok Sabha and Rule 261 and 262 of the Rules of Procedure in Rajya Sabha details provisions related....Read More

Current Context : President Droupadi Murmu addressed the joint sitting of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. About Article 87 in Constitution of India deals with Special address by the President. At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the House of the People and at the commencement of the first session of each year the President shall address both Houses of Parliament assembled together and inform Parliament of the causes of its summons. Provision shall be made by rules regulating the procedure of either House for the allotment of time for discussion of the matters....Read More

Leader of Opposition

Current Context : Congress Leader, Rahul Gandhi will hold the post of  Leader of Opposition (LoP) in the Lok Sabha, which was remained vacant for the past 10 years. ABOUT LOP Leader of the largest opposition party with not less than one tenth seats of the total strength of the Lok Sabha is recognised as the LoP. The leader of Opposition in both the Houses were accorded statutory recognition in 1977 with THE SALARY AND ALLOWANCES OF LEADERS OF OPPOSITION IN PARLIAMENT ACT, 1977 and are entitled to the salary, allowances and other facilities equivalent to that of a cabinet....Read More

Current Context : Recently, Kerala Assembly passed a resolution urging the Centre to rename the state as “Keralam’’ in the Constitution. The resolution was moved by Kerala Chief Minister Pinarayi Vijayan. WHY NAMED KERALAM? Kerala is the English word for the Malyali Keralam. There are several theories regarding its etymological roots. The earliest mention of the word Keralam can be found in Emperor Ashoka’s Rock Edict II, dated to 257 BCE. PROCEDURE FOR RENAMING OF STATES Article 3 of Constitution deals with the renaiming of states. It empowers Parliament to alter the name of any State by law. It can....Read More

Current Context : Om Birla is elected Lok Sabha Speaker for the second time in a row for the 18th Lok Sabha Speaker. ABOUT The speaker of the Lok Sabha is the presiding officer and the highest authority of the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. Article 93 of the Constitution deals with the Speaker of the Lok Sabha The Speaker is elected from among the members of the lower house of the Parliament by simple majority. Removal : The Speaker holds the position until the House is dissolved or he/she resigns or is removed from....Read More

Current Context : Recently, The newly elected Members of Parliament (MP) of the 18th Lok Sabha have sworn oath. Newly elected members will have to take the oath of Members of Parliament (MP) to debate and vote in the Parliament. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS Article 99 of the constitutions deals with oaths of office of the MPs. Oath is subscribed before the President or some person appointed by him. The forms of oath are provided in the Third Schedule. Article 104 provides a penalty for a member if he/she sits in the House without the oath. Exception : An individual can become....Read More


Current Context : Recently, Bhartruhari Maytab is appointed as pro-tem Speaker of the 18th Lok Sabha. The 18th Lok Sabha will hold its first session from June 24 to July 3. ABOUT ‘Pro-tem’ essentially means ‘for the time being’ or ‘temporarily’. In the new Lok Sabha, the Speaker of the House is elected by a simple majority. Until her selection, the pro-tem Speaker is chosen to administer some important duties. The Constitution does not mention the post. Official ‘Handbook on the Working of Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs’ mentions about the ‘Appointment and Swearing in of Speaker pro tem’. President administers....Read More

Current Context : Recently, Bihar and Andhra Pradesh’s government demanded for special category status. ABOUT SPECIAL CATEGORY STATUS (SCS) Special Category Status is a classification granted to some states by the Centre to assist development, based on geographical and socio-economic disadvantages. It was introduced in 1969 on the recommendation of the Fifth Finance Commission. Currently, 11 States in India have SCS. Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Himachal Pradesh, Jammu and Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim, Tripura, and Uttarakhand. SCS States receive Centre-State funding from centrally sponsored schemes in the ratio of 90:10, which is more favourable than general category States. They....Read More

Current Context : Recently, in 18th Lok Sabha elections, 74 women were elected and accounting for 13.6% representation in Lok Sabha. It is a slight dip in women representation as 78 women were elected to 17th LS (14.4% representation) in 2019. Overall, a total of 797 women contested the 2024 general elections that were held in seven phases from April 19 to June 1. Recently, two women MPs elected as the youngest MPs – Priya Saroj (25) of Samajwadi Party elected from Machhlishahr in Uttar Pradesh, Congress’s Sanjana Jatav (25) from Bharatpur in Rajasthan. STATUS OF WOMEN REPRESENTATION IN LEGISLATURE....Read More

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