May 29, 2024

International Affairs


General Studies Paper -2 Context: The Bay of Bengal Initiative for Multi-Sectoral Technical and Economic Cooperation (BIMSTEC) will now be open to new members and observers after a historic first charter of the grouping came into force. Background The seven members of BIMSTEC first signed the charter in 2022 at the fifth BIMSTEC summit held virtually in Colombo, Sri Lanka. However, it could come into force only after every country ratified the document, which finally happened in April 2024. What is BIMSTEC? BIMSTEC is a regional organization that was established in 1997 with the signing of the Bangkok Declaration. Permanent....Read More

General Studies Paper-2 Context: The Indian delegation concluded its first round of talks with UAE officials on developing the ambitious India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEEC). India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor (IMEC) Participants: During the Delhi G20 Summit, India, USA, UAE, Saudi Arabia, France, Germany, Italy and the European Union signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) to establish the India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor. Objective: The corridor will encourage and provide impetus to economic development through enhanced connectivity and economic integration between Asia, West Asia, the Middle East and Europe. Components The India-Middle East-Europe Economic Corridor will consist of two separate corridors, The....Read More

General Studies Paper-2 Context: Nepal recently announced the printing of a new Rs 100 currency note featuring a map that includes the Indian territories of Lipulekh, Limpiyadhura, and Kalapani. Lipulekh, Kalapani, and Limpiyadhura had been included in India’s November 2019 map. India-Nepal Relations Historical and Cultural Connections: Longstanding Ties: The relationship between India and Nepal stretches back centuries, marked by cultural exchange, religious affinities, and political interactions. Open Border: A unique feature is the open border policy allowing free movement of people between the two countries. Shared Heritage: Both nations share a rich Hindu and Buddhist heritage, evident in pilgrimage....Read More

General Studies Paper-2 Context: India’s agreement with Iran to develop and operate the Chabahar port represents a significant step in enhancing infrastructure and trade ties between the two nations. About the Recent Deal India and Iran signed a 10-year development and operation contract for Chabahar Port in southeastern Iran, on the Gulf of Oman. India will invest $120 million and offer a credit facility of $250 million to further develop the terminal it operates in Chabahar’s Shahid Beheshti port and related projects. The landmark agreement replaces the 2016 operation agreement that was renewed annually. The new contract is aimed at....Read More

General Studies Paper-2 Context With uncertainty gripping the ambitious India-Middle East EU Economic Corridor (IMEC) project due to the deepening of the West Asia crisis, India is examining the possibility of beginning work on the eastern leg of the corridor. Background: The IMEC, a proposed 4,800 km long route was announced in 2023 on the sidelines of the G20 Summit. This followed a meeting between the leaders of India, the US, the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Italy, France, Germany, and the European Commission. Members: India, European Union, France, Germany, Italy, Saudi Arabia, UAE and US announced the India-Middle East-Europe....Read More

General Studies Paper-2 Context Agriculture is still a crucial source of livelihood for a significant portion of the Indian population. About the Export Policy The agricultural export policy was announced in 2018 to transform the ecosystem of India’s agricultural exports. This has led to agricultural exports reaching up to Rs. 4 lakh crore. Objectives: To diversify our export basket, destinations and boost high value- and value-added agricultural exports, including focus on perishables. To promote novel, indigenous, organic, ethnic, traditional and non-traditional Agri products exports. To provide an institutional mechanism for pursuing market access, tackling barriers and dealing with sanitary and....Read More

General Studies Paper-2 Context: India and Iran signed a 10-year contract for the operation of Chabahar Port. About The long-term agreement was signed between Indian Ports Global Ltd. (IPGL) and Port and Maritime Organisation (PMO) of Iran, enabling operation of the Shahid-Beheshti terminal. The pact replaces one-year contracts that were being signed to keep the port operational until now. India has also offered a credit window equivalent to $250 million for mutually identified projects aimed at improving Chabahar-related infrastructure. Chabahar Port Iran’s Chabahar port is located on the Gulf of Oman and is the only oceanic port of the country.....Read More

General Studies Paper-2  Context: Recently India’s External Affairs Minister said that India’s relations with Maldives rest on the twin important pillars of ‘mutual interests’ and ‘reciprocal sensitivity’. Background The undiplomatic words used by ministers in Maldives against Prime Minister Narendra Modi in particular and Indians in general has deteriorated the relations between both the nations. The new government led by President Mohamed Muizzu asked India to withdraw military personnel and chose China for one of his first overseas visits. Significance of Maldives for India Trade Route: Situated along crucial maritime trade routes between the Gulf of Aden and the Strait....Read More

General Studies Paper-2 Context: Hamas announced its acceptance of a ceasefire proposal put forth by Egypt and Qatar, signaling a potential breakthrough in the ongoing Israel-Gaza conflict. About The proposal includes a three-stage truce, each phase lasting 42 days. It includes a withdrawal of Israeli forces from Gaza and a return of displaced Palestinians to their homes as well as an exchange of Israeli captives and Palestinian prisoners. What is Hamas? Hamas is the largest Palestinian militant Islamist group and one of the two major political parties in the region. Currently, it governs more than two million Palestinians in the....Read More

General Studies Paper-2 Context: India’s recent economic success, solid momentum, and promising prospects are making the country more influential About India’s Global Rise India’s aggregate power has grown over the past two decades — evident in robust economic growth, military capabilities, and a largely young demography. Its inclusion in key global institutions such as the G-20, as an invitee at G-7 meetings, and active participation in multilateral groups such as the Quad, BRICS, and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation further highlight its geopolitical significance and its powerful presence globally, even if it is not a member of the United Nations Security....Read More

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