March 21, 2023


General Studies Paper 1 Context: Population growth is a function of fertility and life expectancy. India had about 1.38 billion (138 crore) people in 2020. Two recent studies estimate the country’s population to peak at 1. 5-1. 6 billion somewhere between 2040 and 2048. India’s population has been on a decline,and several figures point in this direction. Every year since 2003 the number of live births has been falling consistently. Fertility rate(average number of children born to a woman) came down to 2 – well below the world average in 2019. It took only 14 years for the fertility rate to fall by 50% (from 3....Read More

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