February 28, 2024

Development


General Studies Paper 3 Context: India is now one of the fastest­ growing economies globally. However, this growth has not resulted in a corresponding increase in its Human Development Index. What are some facts related to HDI? According to the Human Development Report of 2021­-22, India ranks 132 out of 191 countries. It is behind Bangladesh (129) and Sri Lanka (73). What method is used in the current article to measure HDI? The HDI is calculated using four indicators: life expectancy at birth, mean years of schooling,expected years of schooling, and Gross National Income (GNI) per capita. Life expectancy estimates are....Read More

General Studies Paper 3 Context: Infrastructure in emerging economies like India has seemingly become both a demonstration of good and a necessity. Importance of Infrastructure in emerging economies: Simultaneously works as a national aspiration good, A barometer of national progress, A mechanism for job creation, A vehicle for crowding in private investment, etc. Constraints on infrastructure provision are: Expensive, because it needs to be built to a minimum scale. Often has a public good component,which makes the social value of infrastructure higher than its private value to individual users → making it relatively unprofitable for private investors. The traditional approach to financing infrastructure→....Read More

General Studies Paper 3 Context: Recently, the Lancet journal published a report titled “Progress on Sustainable Development Goal Indicators in 707 districts of India: A quantitative mid-line assessment using the National Family Health Surveys, 2016 and 2021″. The report has highlighted India’s SDGs performance is not up to the mark and mentioned that India may not be able to achieve at least 19 of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals by 2030. About the Lancet survey The study was conducted by collecting data on children and adults from two rounds of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted in 2016 and 2021. It identified 33 indicators that cover 9 of the 17 official SDGs. It used the goals and targets outlined by the Global Indicator Framework, Government of India and World Health Organisation (WHO) to determine SDG targets to be met by 2030.” What is the status of India’s SDG performance according to the Lancet study? India is not on target for 19 of the 33 SDGs indicators (Sustainable Development Goals) of the United Nations, which is more than 50% of the indicators. Among the 19 off-target indicators, the situation has worsened for three of the off-target goals including those relating to anaemia among women, pregnant and....Read More

General Studies Paper 2 Context: Budgetary allocation for the Union Ministry of Minority Affairs decreased by 38% in 2023-24 compared to 2022-23. The major decline was in the allocation for pre-matric scholarships, free coaching for minorities, skill development and livelihoods programmes (including USTTAD scheme, Nai Manzil and Scheme for Leadership Development of Minority Women) . Also, allocation for the Umbrella Programme for Development of Minorities,which includes the Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram and Education Scheme for Madrasas and Minorities,  fell from ₹1810 crore to ₹610 crore, which is a dip of 2% in allocation. Major Schemes in India for the Welfare of Minorities: Pre-Matric Scholarship Scheme, Post-Matric Scholarship Scheme, Merit-cum-Means based Scholarship....Read More

General Studies Paper 3 Context: India's Electric Vehicle future shines bright with ambitious government targets and advancements in technology. Roadmap for Electric vehicles India has set an ambitious goal to become a leader in the electric vehicle market by 2030 with the government laying out a comprehensive roadmap to achieve this goal, which includes several initiatives and policies to accelerate the adoption of electric vehicles in the country. One of the key initiatives is the Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Hybrid and Electric vehicles (FAME) scheme, which provides subsidies to customers who purchase electric vehicles. The government has also set a target to achieve....Read More

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 3 India experienced severe working-hour and employment losses in 2020 and 2021, and Indian youth employment deteriorated in 2021 compared to 2020, according to the Global Employment Trends for Youth 2022 report released by the International Labour Organisation. Key Findings The pandemic has worsened the numerous labour market challenges facing those aged between 15 and 24 years.  Youngsters in this age group experienced a much higher percentage loss in employment than adults since early 2020. The total global number of unemployed youth is estimated to reach 73 million in 2022, a slight improvement from 2021 (75....Read More

PM Gati Shakti Scheme

General Studies Paper 2 The states are being on boarded for real-time project coordination and collective decision-making in Pm Gati Shakti scheme. With the states being on boarded aim is to reduce the time taken to plan and award a project by at least a third. Recently, at the meeting chaired by Prime Minister and state chief secretaries, all state governments are learnt to have agreed to support the project. The focus is on reducing the time taken to award a project — starting from preparation of a detailed project report (DPR) till the project is assigned. While the process usually takes about 16-18 months, it....Read More

General Studies Paper 3 Recently, Union Minister for Road, Transport and Highways approved a Draft GSR (general statutory rules) Notification seeking comments on a proposal to introduce the Bharat New Car Assessment Program (Bharat-NCAP). What is Bharat NCAP? It is a new car safety assessment program which proposes a mechanism of awarding ‘Star Ratings’ to automobiles based upon their performance in crash tests. Bharat NCAP standard is aligned with global benchmarks and it is beyond minimum regulatory requirements. Bharat NCAP Rating: The proposed Bharat NCAP assessment will allocate Star Ratings from 1 to 5 stars. The testing of vehicles for this programme will be carried out at testing agencies,....Read More

Sela Tunnel Project

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 3 The strategically-significant Sela Tunnel project in Arunachal Pradesh is nearing completion. Located in West Kameng district of Arunachal Pradesh Will provide an alternate axis to the Sela pass (at 13,700 feet) On the BCT Road – the Balipara, Charduar and Tawang axis (more than 300 km long) Being executed by: Border Roads Organisation Includes two tunnels and a link road; Tunnel 2 will be one of the longest tunnels to have been constructed above an altitude of over 13,000 feet. The total length of the project, including the tunnels, the approach and the link roads, will....Read More

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