April 23, 2024


General Studies Paper - 1 Context: The Prime Minister of India paid tributes to social reformer Savitri Bai Phule & Rani Velu Nachiyar on their Jayanti. Savitribai Phule (3 January 1831 – 10 March 1897) She was a woman from the Mali Community and went on to become an educator, a challenger to caste hierarchies and barriers, and a writer. Married Jyotirao Phule at an early age. At a time when it was considered unacceptable for women to even attain education, she with her husband went on to open a school for girls in Pune, in 1848. This became the....Read More

Meitei Script

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 1 The script, once patronised by Meitei rulers but which fell into disuse with the advent of Hinduism and eventually disappeared, is now enjoying a new lease of life after a decades-old movement for its revival. About the Meitei Script Meitei script or Meetei Mayek is an abugida (pseudo-alphabet system) used for the Meitei language, one of the official languages of Manipur. The earliest epigraphic record of the script is a stone inscription from Khoibu village which was erected on the orders of Meidingu Kiyamba (1467-1508). ‘Meidingu’ are kings who belong to the Ningthouja clan whose....Read More

Mahaparinirvan Diwas

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 1 Nation pays homage to Bharat Ratna Dr BR Ambedkar on his 67th Mahaparinirvan Diwas. Lakhs of followers from all over the country gathered at Chaityabhoomi in Dadar in Mumbai to pay tribute to the great leader. This year, a large number of people are expected to visit the Chaityabhoomi and other places associated with Dr. Ambedkar as the followers could not visit these places for the past two years due to the global pandemic. About Dr. B.R.Ambedkar Dr. B.R. Ambedkar was born on 14 April 1891 in Mhow, Central Province (now Madhya Pradesh). He was....Read More

Dr. Rajendra Prasad

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 1 Prime Minister paid tributes to India's first President Rajendra Prasad and lauded him as a legendary leader who epitomized courage and scholarly zeal. About Dr. Rajendra Prasad Rajendra Prasad was born in Zeradai, District Siwan in Bihar on 3 December 1884. His father Mahadev Sahai was a scholar of Persian and Sanskrit. His mother Kamleshwari Devi was a pious lady. Education He joined the famed Calcutta Presidency College in 1902. In 1915, Prasad appeared in the examination of master's in law from the Department of Law, University of Calcutta, passed the examination and won a....Read More

Buddhist Nyingma Sect

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 1 In a significant development in the Tibetan Buddhist circles, the Nyingma sect has identified a boy from Spiti in Himachal Pradesh as the reincarnation of the late Taklung Setrung Rinpoche, a scholar known for his knowledge of Tibetan Tantric school. The Nyingma Sect The Nyingma sect is the oldest of all Buddhist sects, and Taklung Setrung Rinpoche was a profound scholar renowned for his expertise in Tibetan Tantric school.  It is founded on the first lineages and translations of Buddhist scriptures from Sanskrit into Tibetan in the eighth century, during the reign of King Trisong....Read More

Tipu Sultan

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 1 The birth anniversary of Tippu Sultan was observed recently, bringing his contested legacy to the forefront of political discourse once again. About Tipu Sultan He was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore and the eldest son of Sultan Hyder Ali of Mysore. In the wider national narrative, Tipu has so far been seen as a man of imagination and courage, a brilliant military strategist who, in a short reign of 17 years, mounted the most serious challenge the Company faced in India. Contribution of Tipu Sultan Tipu Sultan is the fearless ‘Tiger of Mysore’,....Read More

Guru Tegh Bahadur Ji

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 1 November 24 is commemorated as the Shaheedi Divas of Guru Tegh Bahadur, the ninth guru of the Sikhs, who stood up against forcible conversions by the Mughals, and was executed on the orders of Aurangzeb in 1675. About Guru Tegh Bahadur Tegh Bahadur was born in Amritsar on April 21, 1621 to Mata Nanki and Guru Hargobind, the sixth Sikh guru, who raised an army against the Mughals and introduced the concept of warrior saints. As a boy, Tegh Bahadur was called Tyag Mal because of his ascetic nature.  He spent his early childhood in....Read More


Syllabus: General Studies Paper 3 Hearing a suo motu Public Interest Litigation (PIL) on preservation of Sukhatal Lake in Nainital, the Uttarakhand High Court on Tuesday directed the State to stop all construction activities on the lakebed and posted the matter for further hearing. About Lake Sukhatal Sukha Tal cocooned in Mallital was earlier a part of the pristine Nainital Lake. Sukha Tal or Suka Tal literally suggests dry lake which is located half a km from the picturesque lake of Nainital. It is a fresh water lake surrounded by the dense pine and oak forests. It is believed that....Read More

Rani Lakshmibai 

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 1 The Prime Minister has remembered Rani Lakshmibai on her Jayanti.  About Rani Laxmibai Rani Laxmibai is known for her role in the First War of India’s Independence in 1857.  She was born in 1835.  When growing up with Nana Sahib and Tatya Tope, she got training in martial arts, sword fighting and horse riding and became proficient in them. She was more independent than other girls of her age, due to her unconventional upbringing. She got married to the king of Jhansi.  The couple adopted a son before the king’s death which the British East....Read More

Battle of Rezang La

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 1 November 18, 2022, is the 60th anniversary of the Battle of Rezang La, one of the few bright spots in the War of 1962 with China. On that day, 13 Kumaon’s C Company made their heroic last stand against the Chinese army in the high Himalayas of Ladakh, warding off a very significant threat and, in the process, writing a glorious chapter in India’s military history. About Rezang La: It is also called Rechin La. The brightest of the bright spots in the pervasive darkness of 1962 was the Battle of Rezang La in the....Read More

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