February 28, 2024


General Studies Paper -2 Context: The article discusses the impact of poor nutrition on health issues like anemia in India. It covers government efforts to improve nutrition through programs and food fortification, the shift in dietary patterns, and the importance of awareness and education to tackle these challenges. What is nutritional deficiencies? Nutritional deficiency occurs when a body lacks essential nutrients due to insufficient nutrient-rich food intake (primary deficiency) or medical conditions hindering nutrient absorption (secondary deficiency). It can lead to various health issues but is preventable or resolvable through a balanced diet or targeted nutrient consumption. What are the....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: The article discusses the issues with using Aadhaar-Based Payment Systems (ABPS) in MGNREGS wage payments. Background: Recently, the Rural Development Ministry made Aadhaar-Based Payment Systems (ABPS) mandatory in the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS). There are 2 modes of wage payments in MGNREGS: account-based and ABPS. As per the government’s data, out of 25.6 crore registered workers, only 16.9 crore workers are eligible for ABPS while all are eligible for account-based payments. How are payments made through ABPS? For ABPS, the following procedure needs to be done: First, a worker’s Aadhaar number must....Read More


General Studies Paper -2 Context: The article discusses the challenges in achieving 100% coverage under the Jal Jeevan Mission. It also highlights what needs to be done to ensure it. Background: Launched in 2019, the Jal Jeevan Mission aims to achieve the objective of providing piped water in adequate quantities and of prescribed quality on a regular and long-term basis to every rural household in India (55 litre per capita per day of water). Data shows 73.57% of the rural households have already been covered by this flagship scheme. What are the Challenges in achieving 100% Coverage? There are challenges in achieving....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: More than 3,000 flats are likely to be allotted to slum dwellers by the Delhi Development Authority (DDA) under the PMAY-U. About PMAY-U TheMinistry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) launched the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Urban (PMAY-U) in 2015, as a flagship Mission of the Government of India. Objective:It addresses urban housing shortage among the Economically Weaker Section (EWS)/Low Income Group (LIG) category including the slum dwellers by ensuring a pucca house to eligible urban households. Coverage: The Mission covers the entire urban area consisting of Statutory Towns, Notified Planning Areas, Development Authorities, Special Area Development....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: The 1st meeting of the Social Audit Advisory Body (SAAB) was held recently. About The Meeting was chaired by the Secretary, Department of Social Justice & Empowerment.  This advisory body, a first of its kind, has been established to guide the Ministry in institutionalizing social audits for its various schemes. Members:Representatives from key ministries and academic institutions are members of this advisory body. What is Social Audit? Social Audit is the examination and assessment of a programme/scheme for comparing official records with actual ground realities.  It includes an audit of the quality of works being executed at different levels along....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: The article discusses the recent attacks on civil society in India. It also highlights the instruments being used to attack civil society. What is civil society? Civil society refers to a wide variety of communities and groups such as non-governmental organizations (NGOs), labor unions, indigenous groups, charitable organizations, faith-based organizations, professional associations, and foundations that function outside of government to provide support and advocacy for certain people or issues in society. A free civic space regulated under constitutionally guaranteed principles is the essence of democracy. India is lucky to have a diverse and vibrant civil....Read More

General Studies Paper – 2 Context: The Aspirational Districts Programme (ADP) was launched by the Prime Minister in January 2018. With this initiative, the Government has tried to change the development narrative by referring to these districts as ‘aspirational’ instead of ‘backward’. Since its launch, all 112 underdeveloped districts included in the programme have improved their performance. It was launched in 2018 to improve the socio-economic status of 112 aspirational districts across 28 States. These districts had witnessed the least progress along certain development parameters. The districts accounted for more than 20% of the country’s population and covered over 8,600....Read More

General Studies Paper- 2 Context: The Telecom Bill 2023, raises concerns about privacy, Favors select corporations, and lacks democratic scrutiny. Nationalistic rhetoric obscures its shortcomings, contributing to an erosion of democratic principles. Introduction: Tweet by Union Minister Ashwini Vaishnav announces parliamentary passage of Telecom Bill, 2023. Digital Bharat Nidhi and the Digital Divide: The Telecom Bill introduces “Digital Bharat Nidhi,” renaming the Universal Services Obligation Fund (USOF). Despite the name change, little structural change in addressing the digital divide. Nationalistic rhetoric distracts from the lack of fresh ideas or solutions for improving connectivity. Innovation and State Control: Provisions favoring select private firms....Read More

General Studies Paper – 2 Context: In a landmark judgment, CJI Chandrachud creatively interprets Article 200, limiting Governor’s power to withhold assent. Supreme Court emphasizes timely decisions, while potential exploitation in reserving Bills for the President is examined. Governor’s discretion restricted by constitutional principles. Landmark Judgment (November 10, 2023): Chief Justice of India, D.Y. Chandrachud, interprets Article 200creatively in State of Punjab vs Principal Secretary case. New Interpretation of Article 200: CJI’s interpretation links withholding of assent with sending the Bill back for reconsideration. Governor has no option but to give assent after reconsideration. Clarity on Governor’s Powers: Judgment clarifies....Read More

General Studies Paper – 2 However, implementation challenges, political opportunism, and bureaucratic resistance hinder its transformative potential, limiting its impact. Background: Historic Injustices in Forest Governance Pre-Colonial Era: Local communities had customary rights over forests. Colonial Takeover (1878): Indian Forest Act disrupted traditions, prioritizing timber resources. Post-Independence Injustices: Forest lands declared state property, displacements, exploitation continued. Acts Contributing to Injustice: Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972, Forest (Conservation) Act 1980 exacerbated injustices. The Forest Rights Act (FRA): A Revolutionary Approach Enactment (2006): Rajya Sabha endorsed FRA, aimed at addressing historical injustices. Three Forms of Redress: Individual Forest Rights (IFRs): Recognition of habitation,....Read More

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