April 2, 2023

Security Issues


Cyber warrior

General Studies Paper 3 Context: 'Cyber Warrior' Teams and Help Desks to Combat Rising Cybercrime in Visakhapatnam. About During the year 2022, visakhapatnam had reported as many as 610 cybercrime cases, as against 316 during the year 2021, which is almost a 93% increase. To combat the rise in cybercrime, all police stations in the city will soon have exclusive 'cyber warriors' teams to handle such cases. Additionally,cybercrime help desks will be set up in all police stations within the next two months. What are Cyber Warriors? As part of the initiative, around 70 police personnel,including around 20 sub-inspectors and several ASIs will be undergoing virtual....Read More

General Studies Paper 3 Context: The past few incidents have highlighted the vulnerabilities of our fast-expanding digital networks.The first one targeted the servers of India's All India Institute of Medical Science(AIIMS), compromising around 40 million health records and causing a two-week-long system outage. Another attack involved a ransomware group, BlackCat, breaching the parent company of Solar Industries Limited, a Ministry of Defence ammunition and explosives manufacturer, and stealing over 2 Terabytes of data. These incidents highlight the urgent need for increased cybersecurity measures to prevent such attacks from happening in the future. What are the Challenges related to Cyber Security? Recent Cyber Attacks: Ransomware attacks....Read More

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 2 Why in News? Several studies have examined Dr B.R. Ambedkar's concept of democracy, primarily through the lens of social, political, and economic philosophy. What Constitutes Democracy in Ambedkar's Opinion? Morality: A look at the Buddha and his Dhamma sheds light on how Ambedkar viewed democracy,  as an approach that affected every aspect of human existence. Buddha, Kabir and Mahatma Phule’s philosophies played an important role in Ambedkar’s own engagement with democracy. According to him, democracy must also be viewed morally despite its pillars of equality, liberty, and fraternity. Use of Morality in Caste System: Ambedkar used the lens of morality in....Read More

Peace In North East India

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 3 Why in News? Recently, the Union Government has reported that there has been an 80% decline in civilian deaths and 6,000 militants have surrendered in North East India since 2014. What are the Key Peace Developments in North East India? Important Agreements: Assam-Meghalaya Inter State Boundary Agreement, 2022: The agreement is for a closure in six disputed sectors that were taken up for resolution in the first phase. While Assam will get 18.51 sq. km of the disputed areas, Meghalaya will get the remaining 18.28 sq.km. Karbi Anglong Agreement, 2021: Karbi Anglong Agreement is a tripartite agreement among five....Read More

Operation Sea Vigil

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 3 Recently the third edition of the ‘pan-India’ coastal defence Exercise ‘Sea Vigil-22’ is conducted by the Indian Navy. To enhance India's maritime security the two-day long multi-exercise covered the 7,516 km-long coastline of the country. Along with covering India's coastline, the exercise also took place in the exclusive economic zone.  With the collaborative participation of the Indian Navy, Coast Guard, Customs department, and other maritime agencies, Sea Vigil helped in validating the maritime security mechanism. Operation Sea Vigil Exercise Sea Vigil is a Coastal Defence Exercise conceptualized in 2018 to validate various measures that have....Read More

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 3 India ranks fourth among 12 Indo-Pacific nations in self-reliant arms production capabilities, according to a study released this month by the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), a widely respected independent resource on global security. China tops the list, Japan is second, South Korea is in third place, and Pakistan is at number 8. The study, which measures self-reliance until 2020, is based on three indicators of self reliance in each country: Arms procurement — imports, licensed and domestic production as a proportion of the government’s total procurement of major conventional arms. Arms industry —....Read More

Butterfly Mine

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 3 Russia is likely to have deployed anti-personnel mines to deter freedom of movement along its defensive lines in the Donbas.  The UK Ministry of Defence, in its intelligence assessment of the ongoing war in Ukraine, has and sounded an alarm on the possible use of PFM-1 series ‘Butterfly Mines’ by the Russian military in Donetsk and Kramatorsk. What is the intelligence assessment put out by UK ? As per an intelligence bulletin, Russia is likely to have deployed anti-personnel mines to deter freedom of movement along its defensive lines in the Donbas. These mines have....Read More

Syllabus: General Studies Paper 3 The Weapons of Mass Destruction and their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Amendment Bill, 2022, was passed in Rajya Sabha. The Weapons of Mass Destruction and their Delivery Systems (Prohibition of Unlawful Activities) Amendment Bill, 2022 was introduced in Lok Sabha on April 5, 2022. The 2005 Act prohibits unlawful activities (such as manufacturing, transport, or transfer) related to weapons of mass destruction, and their means of delivery. Weapons of mass destruction are biological, chemical, or nuclear weapons.  Prohibition on financing certain activities:  The Bill bars persons from financing any prohibited activity related to....Read More

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