July 12, 2024

Security Issues

General Studies Paper-3 Context: Recently, the CEO of the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) highlighted that India has witnessed a sharp increase in cybercrime incidents. About the Cyber Crime It is the use of digital technologies such as computers and the internet to commit criminal activities. It includes financial fraud (credit card fraud, online transaction fraud), crime against women and children with regard to sexually explicit material, and deep fake content etc. Reasons for increase in Cybercrime: Rapid Digitalisation, Large Internet User Base, Inadequate Cybersecurity Infrastructure, Insider Threats, Payment Systems Vulnerability, and Vulnerable population because of Low digital literacy....Read More

General Studies Paper-3  Context: According to the 2024 Data Breach Investigations Report by Verizon Business, India is one of the key countries affected by phishing attacks. Key Findings The espionage attacks dominate Asia-Pacific’s (APAC) cyber security landscape, including that of India. Some 25% of APAC cyberattacks are motivated by espionage, significantly greater than the 6% and 4% in Europe and North America, respectively. System intrusion, social engineering, and basic web application attacks represent 95% of breaches in APAC. The most common types of data compromised are credentials (69%), internal (37%), and secrets (24%). What is a Phishing Attack? Phishing is....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: As per the report of the Centre for Research and Planning of the Supreme Court there are severe gaps in accessibility for people with disabilities at courts across India. About The first-of-its-kind report, sheds light on the inadequacies in the infrastructure of District Courts across India, raising serious concerns about the impediments faced by people with disabilities in accessing justice. Major Findings of the Report More than half of the District Court complexes do not have ramps, only 25.2%have availability of wheelchairs. Only 30.4%of District Court complexes have separate disabled-friendly toilets. Only 5.1%of District Courts have tactile paving to assist persons with....Read More

Cyber Crimes in India

General Studies Paper-3 Context: Around 50% of cyber-crime complaints received on the national cybercrime helpline every day have their origin in China and pockets of Cambodia and Myanmar. What is Cybercrime? Cybercrime refers to criminal activities that involve the use of computers, networks, and digital technologies. It encompasses a wide range of illicit activities conducted in the virtual space, often with the intent to compromise, damage, or gain unauthorized access to computer systems, networks, and data. Cybercriminals employ various techniques and tools to exploit vulnerabilities in networks, and they may target individuals, organizations, or even governments. Common types of cybercrime....Read More

General Studies Paper – 3 Context: The Indian defense landscape faces challenges with depleting squadron strength, budget constraints, and the need for modernization. The debate between ‘affordable defense’ and ‘affordable effectiveness’ is crucial. With a live threat on northern borders, India must balance indigenous efforts, research, and defense budgeting to ensure a robust deterrence posture. Overview of MMRCA Program: Medium Multi-Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) program dubbed the ‘mother of all procurements’ for Indian Air Force (IAF). Original cost estimated at $10 billion in 2007, later reduced to the purchase of 36 Rafale jets. Squadron Strength Concerns: IAF faces squadron strength....Read More

General Studies Paper – 3 Context: On December 13, 2023, two men breached security in India’s Lok Sabha, exposing lapses despite enhanced measures since 2001. The incident highlights the need for advanced technology. Leadership vacancies, political debates, and pass issuance issues compound the problem. Urgent calls for a high-level inquiry and comprehensive security reforms are essential to protect democratic institutions. BACKGROUD On December 13, 2023, two young men breached Lok Sabha, vocalizing slogans against dictatorship and releasing canisters emitting yellow smoke. Security Measures in Parliament: Parliament underwent fortification after the 2001 terrorist attack, featuring spike barriers, bollards, drop gates, scanners,....Read More

General Studies Paper 3 Context: The lasting impact of the episode of the American indictment against an Indian national will lie in the image India wishes to project to the world. Introduction In the shadowy world of espionage, intelligence and covert operations, the only rule is to never get caught carrying out a mission. In the more visible world of public diplomacy, the only rule is to never get caught telling a lie or denying what might turn out to be true. The recent publication of a United States Department of Justice indictment against an Indian national for targeting wanted....Read More

General Studies Paper 3 Context: In July this year, the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI), at the request of the government, invited a comprehensive consultation on the need and possible mechanisms for regulation of ‘OTT services’, which became controversial. Over The Top (OTT) services: It refers to media service offered directly to viewers via the Internet. OTT bypasses cable, broadcast, and satellite television platforms—the types of companies that have traditionally acted as controllers or distributors of such content. Examples: content providers such as Netflix, Amazon Prime, and Disney+ Hotstar. For more than a decade now, telecom companies have seen....Read More

General Studies Paper 1 Context Earlier this week, we celebrated World Food Day (October 16), but we rarely look at food as a system. No country can better understand the challenges of a food system than India, which feeds the largest population in the world. The interconnectedness of nutrition security While the primary goal of a food system is to ensure nutrition security for all, it can only be achieved sustainably if the producers producing the food make reasonable economic returns that are resilient over time. This resilience, in turn, is intricately linked with the resilience of our natural ecosystem....Read More

General Studies Paper 3 Context Nations worldwide are grappling with the need to update their legal frameworks to adapt to the evolving digital landscape. India, with its ambitious ‘Digital India’ initiative, is no exception. The recent announcement of the Digital India Act 2023 (DIA) represents a significant step towards establishing a futureready legal framework for the country’s burgeoning digital ecosystem. Digital India Act 2023 (DIA) This move by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MEITY) signals a proactive approach to regulating and shaping the digital future of the nation. \The DIA, poised to replace the two decades old Information....Read More

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