April 24, 2024

Government Policy


General Studies Paper -2 Context: The Ministry of Home Affairs notified the Citizenship Amendment Rules under the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) which was enacted in December 2019. Background In December 2019, Parliament passed an amendment to The Citizenship Act, 1955,to include a provision for grant of citizenship to migrants belonging to the Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, or Christian communities who entered India before December 31, 2014 from Pakistan, Afghanistan, or Bangladesh. The law was notified on January 10, 2020 amidst protests around the country, particularly in Assam, but could not be implemented in the absence of the Rules. On May 28, 2021, the Union government issued an....Read More

General Studies Paper -2 Context: The National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), the agency responsible for abatement of pollution in river Ganga and its tributaries, has assumed new powers. About The NMCG issued a notification recently to amend the River Ganga (Rejuvenation, Protection and Management) Authorities Order, 2016. The NMCG now has powers to allow discharge of treated sewage, which conforms to the norms prescribed under the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986. The discharge into rivers or any other water bodies is allowed only after exploring the option of its direct reuse for purposes such as agricultural use, industrial use, etc. The move will ensure more water into the rivers.....Read More

General Studies Paper 2 Context: The article deals with changing landscape of civil society in India. What are the challenges faced by civil society in current times? CSOs lobbying for greater constitutional and civic freedoms are facing many challenges. The access of funds to CSOs has been restricted by cancelling Foreign Contribution (Regulation) Act clearances, revoking licenses, imposing retrospective taxes, and pressuring private companies and philanthropists to redirect funding. Civil society is being vilified as disruptive to India’s development trajectory — and therefore anti-national. Some specific CSOs are the primary recipient of government patronage and also the principal beneficiary of....Read More

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