May 26, 2024

WHY IN NEWS?

The Rajasthan government will develop a tiger corridor connecting the newly proposed ‘Ramgarh Tiger Reserve’, Ranthambore Tiger Reserve and Mukundra Hills Tiger Reserve.

  • Sariska Tiger Reserveis another Tiger reserve in Rajasthan.

About the Animal Corridor:

  • Wildlife or animal corridorsare meant to ensure safe passage for animals between two isolated habitats.
  • In wildlife parlance, corridors are mainly of two types: functional and structural.
    • Functional corridorsare defined in terms of functionality from the perspective of the animal (basically areas where there has been recorded movement of wildlife).
    • Structural corridorsare contiguous strips of forested areas and structurally connect the otherwise fragmented blocks of the landscape.
  • When structural corridors are affected by human anthropogenic activities, functional corridors automatically widen because of animal use.
  • In 2019, the National Tiger Conservation Authorityin collaboration with the Wildlife Institute of India published a document, mapping out 32 major corridors across the country, management interventions for which are operationalized through a Tiger Conservation Plan.
  • The states are required to submit a Tiger Conservation Planunder section 38V of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
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