February 28, 2024

WHY IN THE NEWS?

Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved the continuation of ‘Samagra Shiksha Scheme’ for school education for a further five years.

About:

  • As per the education minister, Dharmendra Pradhan, the scheme would continue from April 1, 2021 to March 31, 2026.
  • This would be called as ‘Samagra Shiksha Scheme 2’
  • To implement the scheme, a financial outlay of Rs 2,94,283.04 cr has been made out of which, the central share stands at Rs 1,85,398.32 cr.

Samagra Shiksha Scheme

Samagra Shiksha is an integrated scheme for school education. It extends from pre-school to class XII and ensures inclusive & equitable quality education at all levels of school education. This scheme was launched by subsuming three schemes ‘Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan’, ‘Rashtriya Madhyamik Shiksha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE). This scheme provides holistic treatment to school education from Pre-school to Class 12.

Aim of the scheme

This scheme emphasises improving the quality of school education by focussing on two T’s – Teacher and Technology. The primary aim of the scheme is to support States in implementing the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (RTE) Act, 2009 in accordance with Article 21A of the constitution of India.

The vision of the scheme

This scheme was launched with the vision of ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education from pre-school to the senior secondary stage in line with the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG)- SDG 4.1 & SDG 4.5- for Education.

Who funds the scheme?

This scheme is a Centrally Sponsored Scheme. Thus, the funds are shared between Centre and State in the ratio of 90:10 for the North-Eastern States & Himalayan States and 60:40 for other States & Union Territories with Legislature. Centre provides 100% of the fund in Union Territories without Legislature

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