• Tamil Nadu Forest department recently commenced a 3-day long elephant census at Sathyamangalam Tiger Reserve, after a gap of 6 years.
  • The enumeration exercise will be conducted in all 10 forest ranges of Sathyamangalam, Vilamundy, Bhavanisagar, Hassanure, Geermalam, Thalavadi, Gettavadi, Jeerahalli, Kadambur and Thooka Naicken Palayam.


  • It is located in the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, in the Erode district of Tamil Nadu.
  • It was declared a tiger reserve in 2013 and covers an area of 1,411 square km.
  • The reserve is situated at the confluence of the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats, making it a unique ecological zone.
  • Its area is contiguous with the Mudumalai Tiger Reserve, Bandipur Tiger Reserve (Karnataka) and BR Tiger Reserve and Wildlife Sanctuary (Karnataka).
  • Together, these reserves — forming the Nilgiris biosphere landscape — have the biggest tiger population in the world, at over 280 tigers.
  • The region is also a part of Nilgiri-Eastern Ghats Elephant Reserve.
  • The Sathyamangalam forest is crisscrossed by several streams and rivers, including the Moyar River (an important tributary of the Cauvery River).
  • Flora- It consists of southern tropical dry thorn forests, mixed deciduous forests, semi-evergreen forests, and Riparian forests.
    • Trees like Neem, Tamarind, Sandalwood, Randi dumetorum, Zizyphus are found.
  • Fauna- Elephant, Tiger, Panther, Sloth bear, Gaur, Black Buck, Spotted deer, Wild boar, Black napped hare, Common langur, Nilgiri langur, Striped neck mongoose and Bonnet macaque.
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