Prime Minister recently paid tributes to Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore on his birth anniversary.
About Rabindranath Tagore
- He was a world-renowned poet, litterateur, philosopher and Asia’s first Nobel laureate.
- He was born in Kolkata on May 7th, 1861 and was also referred to as ‘Kabiguru’, and ‘Biswakabi’.
- He was popularly known as Bard of Bengal, and people used to call him Gurudev.
- In 1913 he became the first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature.
- He was also an influential artist and musician.
- He wrote around 2230 songs and painted 3000 paintings. His songs are known as Rabindra Sangeet.
- Rabindranath Tagore wrote India’s national anthem, Jana Gana Mana.
- He also wrote Amar Sonar Bangla, the national anthem for Bangladesh
- Even, the Sri Lankan national anthem was inspired by his work.
- He was awarded a knighthood in 1915, but he returned it in 1919 as a protest against the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre.
- Viswa Bharti University, or Shantiniketan was founded by Rabindranath Tagore.
- He was a good friend of Mahatma Gandhi and is said to have given him the title of Mahatma.
- Major Works:
- Tagore’s most notable work of poetry is Gitanjali: Song Offerings, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.
- Sonar Tari and Manasi; plays- Chitra and The Post Office are other major works.
- He is credited with pioneering the short story form in Bengali literature, with some of his best work collected in The Hungry Stones and Other Stories and The Glimpses of Bengal Life.