Rabindranath Tagore

Prime Minister recently paid tributes to Nobel laureate Rabindranath Tagore on his birth anniversary.

About Rabindranath Tagore

  • He was a world-renowned poet, litterateur, philosopher and Asia’s first Nobel laureate.
  • He was born in Kolkata on May 7th, 1861 and was also referred to as ‘Kabiguru’, and ‘Biswakabi’.
  • He was popularly known as Bard of Bengal, and people used to call him Gurudev.
  • In 1913 he became the first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature.
  • He was also an influential artist and musician.
    • He wrote around 2230 songs and painted 3000 paintings. His songs are known as Rabindra Sangeet.
  • Rabindranath Tagore wrote India’s national anthem, Jana Gana Mana.
    • He also wrote Amar Sonar Bangla, the national anthem for Bangladesh
    • Even, the Sri Lankan national anthem was inspired by his work.
  • He was awarded a knighthood in 1915, but he returned it in 1919 as a protest against the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre.
  • Viswa Bharti University, or Shantiniketan was founded by Rabindranath Tagore.
  • He was a good friend of Mahatma Gandhi and is said to have given him the title of Mahatma.
  • Major Works:
    • Tagore’s most notable work of poetry is Gitanjali: Song Offerings, for which he received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1913.
      • Sonar Tari and Manasi; plays- Chitra and The Post Office are other major works.
    • He is credited with pioneering the short story form in Bengali literature, with some of his best work collected in The Hungry Stones and Other Stories and The Glimpses of Bengal Life.


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