February 28, 2024

Why in news ?

Odisha has become the only state in India to have all the three species of crocodiles.


  • Three species in the state of Odisha are:
  1. Reptile freshwater Gharials at Satkosia in Mahanadi,
  2. Muggers in Bhitarkanika National Park and
  3. Saltwater crocodiles.
  • Odisha has witnessed natural nesting of Gharials (a critically endangered species) for the first time since they were introduced in its rivers in 1975.
  • About 28 hatchlings of Gharials were spotted in Mahanadi River in Baladamara area near Satkosia range.
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