ODA by Japan

  • Recently, Japan has approved Official Development Assistance (ODA) to India, for a few key projects.
  • India and Japan have bilateral development cooperation since 1958.

Key Projects under ODA

  1. Patna Metro Rail Construction Project:
    1. 5,521 crores have been approved for Patna Metro Rail Construction Project (I).
    2. It aims to cope with the increase of traffic demand in Patna by constructing the new metro corridor.
  2. The Project for Forest and Biodiversity Conservation for Climate Change Response in West Bengal
    1. 520 crores approx. have been approved for the project.
    2. It aims to mitigate and adapt to climate change, conserve and restore ecosystems by ecosystem-based climate change measures, biodiversity conservation and restoration, thereby contributing to sustainable socio-economic development in the State.
  3. Rajasthan Water Sector Livelihood Improvement Project:
    1. 1,055.53 crores have been approved for Rajasthan Water Sector Livelihood Improvement Project.
    2. It aims to improve livelihoods of farmers as well as promote gender mainstreaming in agriculture and irrigation sector in the State, by improving water use efficiency and agriculture productivity, through improvement of existing irrigation facilities and agriculture support services.
  4. Project for the Construction of Mumbai-Ahmedabad High Speed Rail
    1. 18000 crores have been approved for the project.
    2. This project aims to develop a high-frequency transportation system by constructing a high-speed rail along an approximately 500-km section between Mumbai in Maharashtra and Ahmedabad in Gujarat.
    3. Executing Agency- National High Speed Rail Corporation Limited.

Other ODAs to India from Japan

  • Delhi Metro is one of the most successful examples.
  • India’s Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) project is funded by a soft loan provided by Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) under Special terms for economic partnership (STEP).
  • India Japan Nuclear Deal 2016 will help India build the six nuclear reactors in southern India, increasing nuclear energy capacity ten-fold by 2032.
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