March 20, 2023
  • Atal Bhujal Yojana (Atal Jal) is a Central Sector Scheme for facilitating sustainable ground water management. It will be implemented over a period of 5 years (2020-21 to 2024-25).
  • One of the main objectives of scheme is to bring about behavioural change at ground level.
  • Scheme is being taken up in nearly 8350 water stressed Gram Panchayats of 7 states namely Haryana, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh.
  • It is funded by Government of India and World Bank on a 50:50 basis.
  • Scheme has two components:
    1. Institutional Strengthening & Capacity Building component by facilitating strong data base, scientific approach and community participation in ground water sector.
    2. Incentive Component for incentivizing states for achievement of predefined results.
  • Scheme uses a four pronged strategy:
    1. Decision support tools for ground water management,
    2. Strengthen community based institutions to foster management,
    3. Improve water use efficiency and
    4. enhance ground water recharge and Fiscal decentralisation.
  • Scheme envisages active participation of the communities and panchayats in various activities such as formation of Water User Associations, preparation of Gram Panchayat-wise Water Security Plans etc.
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