- A first-ever census of mangrove pitta birds was carried out in Bhitarkanika in Odisha and around 179 birds were sighted.
About Mangrove Pitta Bird(Pitta Megarhyncha)
- The mangrove pitta belongs to the family of pittas, the Pittidae.
- These are colourful birds which have black head with brown crown, white throat, greenish upper parts, buff under-parts and reddish vent area.
- They are small secretive birds, measuring 17 to 19 cm in length and weighing 45 to 65 grams.
- This bird usually feeds on insects and other small invertebrates.
- It is found in eastern part of India especially in Odisha and West Bengal along with countries like Myanmar, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Singapore etc.
- IUCN status- Near threatened
About Bhitarkanika National Park
- Bhitarkanika National Park is the 2nd largest Mangrove ecosystems of India.
- It’s located in the estuaries where the rivers Brahmani and Baitarani meet.
- This is the habitat of the endangered saltwater crocodile.
- The Gahirmatha Beach which forms the boundary of the sanctuary in the east is the largest colony of the Olive Ridley Sea Turtles.