Mahavir Jayanti

  • Recently, on The Vice President, Shri Jagdeep Dhankhar has greeted the people of the nation on the occasion of Mahavir Jayanti.
  • It is an auspicious day for the followers of Jainism as it marks the birth anniversary of Lord Mahavira, who was the last Tirthankara of Jainism.
  • Lord Mahavira was born on the 13th day of the bright half of the moon in the month of Chaitra.
    • As per the Gregorian calendar, it is usually celebrated in the month of March or April.
  • On Mahavir Jayanti, a procession is held with the idol of Lord Mahavira called the Rath Yatra, and the statue is given a ceremonial bath called abhisheka.

About Vardhaman Mahavira 

  • He was the 24th and last Tirthankara; succeeded the 23rd Tirthankara,
  • Born to King Siddhartha of Kundalgram and Queen Trishala, a Lichchhavi princess in 6th century BC in Vajji kingdom (modern day Vaishali, Bihar)
  • He abandoned worldly life at age 30 and attained ‘kaivalya’ (omniscience) at age 42.
  • Delivered his first sermon at Pava (near Patna).
  • Mahavira’s teachings revolved around the principles of ahimsa, Satya, brahmacharya, and aparigraha.
  • He emphasized the importance of non-violence, truth, non-stealing, chastity, and non-attachment, which were later compiled into Jain Agamas.
  • His teachings were simple and easy to understand as they were in Prakrit, a language that ordinary people could comprehend.
  • It is believed that Lord Mahavira passed away at the age of 72 and attained moksha or liberation from the cycle of birth and death at Pavapuri near modern-day Rajgir in Bihar.
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