Jagadguru Basaveshwara

  • PM recently paid tributes to Basaveshwara on his birth anniversary.

About Basaveshwara

  • He was a 12th century poet and was born in Karnataka.
  • Known for Socio-Religious Reforms, Anubhava Mantapa (facilitated gathering for philosophy and experience), Vachana Literature and Lingayat Movement in south India.
  • Basava Purana, written by Palkuriki Somanatha in 13th-century, holds full account to Basavanna’s life and ideas.
  • Basaveshwara is well-known for his teachings of gender equality, social reforms, eradication of social discrimination, clarification of superstitions, and unnecessary rituals.
  • His philosophy was based on principles of Arivu (true knowledge), achara (right conduct), and Anubhava (divine experience).
  • He developed and inspired a new devotional movement named Virashaivas, or ardent, heroic worshippers of Shiva.
  • Basaveshwara introduced the practice of wearing the Ishtalinga necklace, which symbolizes Lord Shiva and is worn by all Lingayats.
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