• International Labour Day, popularly known as International Workers’ Day or May Day is observed on May 1st every year.

About International Labour Day

  • It is celebrated to commemorate the struggles and sacrifices of the workers’ and labours’ movement.
  • It is celebrated in more than 80 countries, including India, Cuba, and China.
  • People in different parts of the world hold marches on this day to promote the rights of working-class people and to protect them from exploitation.

Brief History

  • The tradition of Labour Day dates back to 19th century America.
  • On May 1st, 1886, workers in Chicago organized a strike to demand an eight-hour workday.
  • In 1889, the International Congress of Socialist parties met in Paris and decided to celebrate Labour Day or Worker’s Day on May 1.
  • Thus, the first International Labour Day was celebrated on May 1, 1890.

Indian context

  • The first labour day was celebrated in India on May 1, 1923, in Chennai.
  • The first May Day celebrations were organized by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan.
  • It is known by various names, such as Antarrashtriya Shramik Diwas, Kamgar Din in Hindi, Kamgar Divas in Marathi, Karmikara Dinacharane in Kannada, Karmika Dinotsavam in Telugu and Uzhaipalar Dhinam in Tamil.
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

© 2023 Civilstap Himachal Design & Development