May 30, 2024
  • International Labour Day or Workers Day is celebrated on 1st May every year.
    • It is also called May Day.
  • It stands as a testament to the enduring legacy of workers’ struggles for justice and dignity.
  • Every year, it is celebrated with a theme decided by the International Labour Organization.
    • This year, the focus is on ensuring safety and health at work in a changing climate.
  • ILO focuses on different labour problems and bringing awareness to the world.
  • Origin
    • It originated from the Haymarket affair in 1886, it commemorates the sacrifices of those who fought for fundamental labour rights, including the eight-hour workday.
    • May 1st was declared International Labour Day by the Second International in 1889 to commemorate the struggle for labour rights and to remember the events that occurred in Chicago.
    • In India, the first Labour Day or May Day was celebrated in Madras by the Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan on May 1, 1923.
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