- The International Finance Corporation (IFC), the private sector arm of The World Bank, has said it will not support investments in new coal projects.
- Earlier, in 2020, IFC had unveiled a policy requiring clients to reduce their exposure to coal projects by half by 2025, and to zero by 2030, but did not prevent new investments.
- The IFC funds banks and other financial institutions that in turn lend to infrastructure and energy projects. The IFC has reportedly lent close to $5 billion to almost 88 financial institutions in India.
About International Finance Corporation (IFC)
- Established in the 1950s, the International Finance Corporation (IFC) headquartered in the United States of America.
- It is the largest global development institution focused exclusively on the private sector in developing countries.
WORLD BANK GROUP comprises of 5 institutions
Collectively, all 5 institutions are known as the “World Bank Group”
- International Bank for Reconstruction and Development Financing for middle-income developing countries
- International Development Association-Financing for low-income developing countries
Together IBRD and IDA are known as the “World Bank”
- International Finance Corporation- Investments and advisory services to encourage private-sector development.
- Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency- Political risk insurance and credit enhancement guarantees.
- International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) – International arbitration of investment disputes. (India is not a member)