June 12, 2024
  • International Big Cat Alliance was launched by PM recently.
  • IBCA aims to protect and conserve seven major big cats — tiger, lion, leopard, snow leopard, puma, jaguar and cheetah – in collaboration with membership of 97 range of countries harbouring these species.
  • IBCA will provide assured support over five years with guaranteed funding of over Rs. 800 crores.
  • Earlier in 2019, PM called for an Alliance of Global Leaders to curb poaching and illegal wildlife trade in Asia.
  • India is the only country in world to have 5 big cats in wild (except pumas and jaguar).
  • IUCN Status of cat species in India:
    • Endangered -Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Lions;
    • Vulnerable– Snow Leopards, African Cheetahs;
    • Least Concern- Common Leopard.
  • Need of protecting these species
    • Big cats are apex predators whose loss can set off “trophic cascade,” wherein prey populations may explode, resulting in overgrazing and degrading health of landscape.
    • Protecting tiger habitats means protecting forests which facilitates fighting climate change.
    • Ecotourism helps economic growth.

Other related news

  • In addition, PM also released 5th cycle of India’s Tiger Census.
  • The number of tigers in India has increased by 6.74 percent from 2,967 in 2018 to 3,167 in 2022.
  • The tiger population has grown the most in the Shivalik hills and Gangetic flood plains, followed by central India, the north eastern hills, the Brahmaputra flood plains, and the Sundarbans.
  • Tiger population declined in Western Ghats, North East Hills & Brahmaputra Plains.
  • Periyar Tiger Reserve (TR), Kerala is best-maintained of all TRs followed by Satpura TR (Madhya Pradesh), Bandipur and Nagarhole (Karnataka).
Print Friendly, PDF & Email

© 2024 Civilstap Himachal Design & Development