General Studies Paper 2

Context: India slammed the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) for its “communal mindset” and “anti-India” agenda.

  • India’s strong reaction came after the OIC secretariat issued a statement alleging targeting of the Muslim community in several states in India during Ram Navami processions.

India & OIC

  • India has theworld’s second-largest Muslim community, and had been invited to the founding conference at Rabat in 1969, but was humiliatingly rejected at Pakistan’s behest.
  • In 2006, as India turned the economic corner and improved ties with the US, Saudi Arabia invited Delhi to join as an observer
  • However, India refrained from joining citing that it did not want to join an organisation founded on religion. Secondly, there was the risk that improving bilateral relations with individual member states would come under pressure in a grouping, especially on issues such as Kashmir.
  • The OIC is mainly controlled by Saudi Arabia, but Pakistan, as the only Islamic country with nuclear weapons, has had a large say since its inception.

Changing terms

  • After building close ties with powerful members such as UAE and Saudi Arabia, India has been confident of riding over any statement by the grouping.
  • India has consistently underlined that J&K is an “integral part of India and is a matter strictly internal to India”, and that the OIC has no locus standi on the issue.
  • In 2019, India made its maiden appearance at the OIC Foreign Ministers’ meeting, as a “guest of honour”.

Significance of OIC for India

  • OIC’s growing economic and energy interdependence with India has become important in recent times.
  • Individually, India has good relations with almost all member nations. Ties with the UAE and Saudi Arabia.
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