General Studies Paper 2
Context: The article discusses issues of accessibility with the disadvantaged group and measures needed to address those.
What is accessibility and why is it needed?
- Accessibility is a fundamental human right, but it’s often overlooked in our daily lives. Therefore, there is a need to see beyond physical differences and treat everyone with empathy and respect.
- This includes learning how to interact with people with reduced mobility and understanding their needs. For instance, not misusing parking or sitting areas or using toilets designated for people with reduced mobility.
- There is also a need to prioritize accessibility to the needy such as wheelchair users, pregnant women, or children, and help make public spaces more accessible for all.
- When people have the freedom to choose how they want to live their lives,they become more productive and contribute more to society and the economy.
What are some of the concerns with accessibility in India?
- The proportion of elderly(over 60 years old) people in India is expected to increase from 8.6 per cent in 2011 to 12.5 per cent by 2030 and almost 20 per cent by 2050.
- Currently, due to inadequate infrastructure, elderly individuals who expect to enjoy their lifelong savings are unable to do so. They are unable to enjoy themselves due to unexpected challenges like temporary injuries, etc.
- However, as India turns 100 in 2047, it could proactively address accessibility issues.
How can India address the accessibility issues by 2047?
- Making India accessible by 2047 for everyone requires collective effort.
- India should prioritise accessibility in its infrastructure development, transport and policies.This will provide equal opportunities for all and ensure full participation in society.
- India is the world’s largest democracy, and it has a unique opportunity to lead the world in making accessibility a fundamental human right and position itself to become a superpower.