Why in News ?
International Labour Organisation (ILO) and UNICEF jointly published report on child labour. As per report, world has marked rise in child labour in two decades.
Key Findings of report
- Report highlights, coronavirus crisis might push millions more youngsters toward child labour.
- As of 2020, number of child labour stands at 160 million. It has increased by 8.4 million in four years.
- Number started increasing before covid-19 pandemic hit, marking dramatic reversal of downward trend where numbers decreased by 94 million in between 2000 and 2016.
- Amid the covid-19 pandemic, 1 in 10 children globally were engaged in child labour.
- Sub-Saharan Africa is the worst affected country.
- Boys are more likely to be affected. They will account for 97 million out of 160 million children engaging into child labour at start of 2020.
- Number of children, between ages 5 and 17 doing hazardous work, has increased. About 79 million children were considered to be engaged in hazardous work. This could affect child’s development, education or health.