WHY IN THE NEWS?
According to UN atomic watchdog International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), Iran has accelerated its uranium enrichment to near weapons-grade.
In May, IAEA reported that Iran was using one cascade of advanced centrifuges in order to enrich up to 60 per cent at its Natanz plant. Now, IAEA notes that, Iran is now using a second cascade for that purpose.
What are the concerns?
Iran breached the restrictions that was imposed under 2015 nuclear deal. 2015 deal had capped the purity to 3.67 percent.
Iran nuclear deal 2015
Iran nuclear deal framework was signed in 2015 between the Islamic Republic of Iran and world powers including the P5+1 and the European Union. On the basis of the deal, Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between Iran and P5+1 & EU was announced in Vienna on July 14, 2015.
Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action
Formal negotiations toward JCPOA started with the adoption of Joint Plan of Action, which was an interim agreement signed in 2013 between Iran and P5+1 countries.
It refers to five permanent members of United Nations security council namely China, Russia, France, the United Kingdom, and the United States; plus Germany. It is also referred as E3+3 by European countries.
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