WHY IN THE NEWS?
Four more wetlands from India have been added to the Ramsar list and have been recognized as wetlands of global importance in accordance with the Ramsar Convention.
Number of Ramsar Sites in India
With the latest addition, the number of Ramsar sites in India have reached to 46. These 46 sites cover a surface area of 1,083,322 hectares.
Why Ramsar list was created?
Ramsar list was created with the aim of developing and maintaining an international network of wetlands which are important to conserve global biological diversity and to sustaining human life by maintaining their ecosystem components, processes and benefits.
Significance of the wetlands
Wetlands play a significant role in conservation of biodiversity. They purify and replenish the ground water. They also act as a natural sponge against flooding & drought and protect our coastlines. They also play role in fighting the climate change. They act as critical carbon sinks in Urban areas and play a significant role in preventing urban flooding.
Bhindawas Wildlife Sanctuary
It is the largest wetland in Haryana. This human-made freshwater wetland comprises of more than 250 bird species. The bird species use the sanctuary throughout the year for resting and roosting. It also supports more than ten globally threatened species such as Steppe Eagle, endangered Egyptian Vulture, Black-bellied Tern and Pallas’s Fish Eagle.
Sultanpur National Park
This Park from Haryana provides support to more than 220 species of resident, winter migratory and local migratory waterbirds.
Thol Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
It lies on Central Asian Flyway in Gujarat. It supports more than 320 bird species and more than 30 threatened waterbird species like critically endangered white-rumped vulture, Sociable Lapwing, Common Pochard etc.
It is an internationally important wetland situated in Gujarat. It is famous for its birdlife because it provides wintering ground to migratory waterbirds, migrating on Central Asian Flyway. Some of the species include endangered Pallas’s fish-Eagle, vulnerable Common Pochard, and near-threatened Dalmatian Pelican.
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