April 1, 2023
  • It is an annual status report published by World Health Organisation (WHO) in collaboration with Resolve to Save Lives.
  • It monitors global progress towards 2023 target for global elimination of industrially produced Trans-Fatty Acids (TFA).
  • Important findings
    • 5 billion people globally are exposed to harmful trans-fat, increasing their heart disease and death risk.
    • 9 of the 16 countries do not have a best-practice policy.
      • They are Australia, Azerbaijan, Bhutan, Ecuador, Egypt, Iran, Nepal, Pakistan and Republic of Korea.
    • TFAs are unsaturated fatty acids that are of two types-
      • Naturally occurring trans-fat occurs naturally in some dairy and meat products.
      • Industrially produced trans-fat adds hydrogen to liquid vegetable oils to make them more solid. It is found in packaged foods, baked goods, cooking oils and spreads.
    • Recommendations: Invest in monitoring and surveillance mechanisms; Develop and implement best-practice policies to set TFA limits, etc.
    • Steps taken to regulate TFA
      • REPLACE strategy by WHO
      • FSSAI limit the content not more than 2% by mass of total oils and fats from January 2022.
      • FSSAI made mandatory for food manufacturers to declare TFA content on nutrition label.
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