• CERT-In, under Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology, is the national nodal agency for responding to computer security incidents.

Important highlights of the report

  • Ransomware incidents have gone up by 53% in 2022 over 2021. Not only money, but Geo political conflicts also influenced ransomware attacks this year.
  • Broadened Ransomware attacks across critical sectors with increased frequency and complexity of the attacks.
  • Lockbit was the most prevalent ransomware variant in India, followed by Makop and DJVU/Stop ransomware.
  • New variants such as Vice Society and BlueSky were noticed in 2022.
  • IT and IT-enabled services sector was the most impacted sector, followed by finance and manufacturing sectors.
    • Ransomware-as-a-service (RaaS) ecosystem becoming prominent.
  • Makop and Phobos Ransomware families mainly targeted medium and small organizations, while Djvu/Stop variants used for attacks on individuals.

About Ransomware

  • Ransomware is a category of malware that gains access to systems and makes them unusable to its legitimate users, either by: Encrypting different files on targeted systems, also known as Crypto Ransomware.
  • Locking the system’s screen unless a ransom is paid, also known as Locker Ransomware.
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