December 8, 2023

Why in news ?

The Hayagriva Madhava Temple Committee in Assam has signed a MoU with Turtle Survival Alliance India, Help Earth, and Assam Forests Department to conserve the Black Softshell Turtle.

As part of the pact, a Vision Document 2030 was also released. The document aims to raise at least 1,000 black softshell turtles by 2030.

About Black Softshell Turtle (Nilssonia nigricans):

  • Black Softshell Turtle is a species of freshwater turtle. It is found in India and Bangladesh.


  • Brahmaputra’s drainage and Near Temple Ponds in Assam
  • Bangladesh (Chittagong and Sylhet)
  • IUCN Status:Critically Endangered
  • Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: It does not enjoy legal protection.


  • Temple Ponds in Assam conserve Turtles based on religious grounds.
  • At the Bayazid Bostami shrine in Chittagong, Bangladesh, the black softshell turtle is known as mazari(inhabitant).


  • Hunted for turtle meat and cartilage in regional and international markets.
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