April 23, 2024

Bihan Mela

  • The members of the Kondh tribe in Odisha’s Nayagarh district have added Bihan Mela as their festival.

About Bihan Mela

  • It is known as the seed festival and the event is celebrated by the farmers.
  • Preparations begin as soon as farmers have harvested Kharif crops, which include both hybrid and indigenous varieties of paddy, millets, maize and sorghum.
  • Women are at the helm of this festival and carefully collect seeds of the indigenous varieties and store them in earthen pots.
  • On a designated day in December, they decorate the pots with red and white motifs, place them in a bamboo basket and carry it on their head to the village where the fair is being organised.
  • The seed festival was initiated by Nirman, a non-profit organization working with the tribe on forest rights and agro-ecological farming.
  • This was introduced to help farmers return to their traditional ways of farming like mixed cropping.
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