September 29, 2023
  • A 10-year-old boy was allegedly killed recently following an attack by a crocodile sparking fresh bouts of man-animal conflict in areas in close vicinity of Bhitarkanika National Park.


  • It is located in Kendrapara district in the state of Odisha.
Kendrapara district is the only district in India where all three species of crocodiles — salt-water, gharial and mugger.
  • It is India’s second-largest mangrove ecosystem after the Sunderbans.
  • It is a 145 Sq. km large national park, designated in 1998.
  • It was declared a Ramsar site in August 2002
  • This National Park is a network of creeks and canals which are inundated with waters from rivers Brahmani, Baitarani, Dhamra and Patasala, forming a unique ecosystem.
  • Flora comprises of mangrove species, casuarinas, and grasses like the indigo bush.
  • Bhitarkanika has one of the largest populations of saltwater crocodiles in India.
  • The Gahirmatha Beach, which forms the boundary of the park in the east, is the largest colony of the Olive Ridley Sea Turtles.
  • Other mammals include monkeys, jackals, common langurs, otter, sambar deer, jungle cats, fox, Mongoose, wolfs, fishing cats, hyenas, etc.


  • Saltwater crocodiles, or estuarine crocodiles, are enormous creatures and the world’s largest living reptiles.
  • Global habitat- It inhabits brackish waters of wetlands and marine intertidal environments from Sri Lanka, India, Bangladesh, and Myanmar east to the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu and south to Australia’s northern coast.
  • They are nocturnal hunters.
  • The species is known for its aggressive nature, as shown by numerous attacks on people and livestock each year.
  • IUCN: Least Concern
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