November 30, 2023

Why in news ?

Recently, the World Wide Fund for Nature-India (WWF) found a few tigers inhabiting the Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary in Assam.

  • It is one of the smallest WS (Wildlife Sanctuary) of Assam and covers an area of 26.22 sq. km.


  • Barnadi Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS) is located in northern Assam’s Baksa and Udalguri districts bordering Bhutan.
  • The Sanctuary is bordered by the Barnadi River and Nalapara river to the west and east respectively.

Legal Status:

  • It was affirmed as the WS in 1980 by the Government of Assam.
  • Barnadi was established specifically to protect the Pygmy Hog (Sus salvanius) and Hispid Hare (Caprolagus hispidus).


  • This is important for threatened species such as the Asian Elephant (Elephas maximus), Tiger (Panthera tigris) and Gaur Bos frontalis.
  • About 60% of the BWS is reported to be grassland; most of it is now grassy woodland.
  • The main Forest types are Tropical Moist Deciduous along the northern edge of the Sanctuary, and mixed scrub and grassland in the southern part with few trees.
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