May 26, 2024

Banni Grassland

WHY IN NEWS?

  • The National Green Tribunal (NGT) ordered all encroachments to be removed from Gujarat’s Banni grasslands within six months.

About Banni Grassland:

Location:

  • Banni is the largest grassland of Asia situated near the Great Rann of Kutch in Gujarat.
  • It is spread over 2,618 kilometres and accounts for almost 45% of the pastures in Gujarat.

Ecosystem and Vegetation:

  • Two ecosystems, wetlands and grasslands, are mixed side by side in Banni.
  • Vegetation in Banni is sparse and highly dependent on rainfall.
    • Banni grasslands, traditionally, were managed following a system of rotational grazing.
  • Banni is dominated by low-growing plants, forbs and graminoids, many of which are halophiles (salt tolerant), as well as scattered tree cover and scrub.
  • The area is rich in flora and fauna, with 192 species of plants, 262 species of birds, several species of mammals, reptiles and amphibians.
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