WHY IN NEWS ?
- Amid the country’s battle against covid-19 pandemic and increasing cases of mucormycosis, Doctors in Ghaziabad, Mumbai and Gujarat have reported cases of new disease called ‘aspergillosis’.
- Aspergillosis is a fungal infection, fungal growth or allergic reaction caused due to Aspergillus fungus. The fungus is found indoors as well as outdoors. It lives on decaying vegetation or dead leaves. This fungal infection is not as deadly as black fungus but it can turn fatal too.
How do people contract this infection?
- People can come in contact with the fungus by breathing in microscopic “aspergillus spores” from the environment. Though people come in contact with the fungus daily but never contract Because, aspergillosis infects people suffering from lung disease or weak immune system. It causes infections in organs and other allergic reactions.
Types of Aspergillosis
- There are 5 types of aspergillosis namely, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, aspergilloma (fungus ball), allergic Aspergillus sinusitis, chronic pulmonary aspergillosis and invasive aspergillosis. But, COVID-19 patients are being diagnosed with rare sinus pulmonary aspergillosis.