March 21, 2023


  • The great hornbill (Buceros bicornis) is also known as the concave-casqued hornbill, great Indian hornbill or great pied hornbill.
  • It is one of the larger members of the hornbill family. It is found in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia.
  • The most prominent feature of the Great Hornbill is the bright yellow and black casque (hard structure on the head of some birds) on top of its massive bill.
  • Festival: The Hornbill Festival celebrated in Nagaland is named after the bird – Hornbill, which is the most revered and admired bird for the Nagas.
  • Cultural Symbol: They are the cultural symbols of some ethnic communities in the northeast, specifically the Nyishi of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • State Bird: Great Hornbill is the state bird of Arunachal Pradesh and Kerala.
  • IUCN Status: Vulnerable
  • Indian Wildlife Protection Act,1972: Schedule I
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