Syllabus: General Studies Paper 2 (social justice)
Union ministry of education released the report of all india survey on higher education 2019-20.
- This report is the 10th in the series of all india survey on higher education (aishe)annually released by the department of higher education.
- In the last five years from 2015-16 to 2019-20, there has been a growth of 11.4% in student enrolment.
- The rise in female enrolment in higher education during the period is 18.2%.
- The government is giving continuous focus on education of girls, women empowerment and empowerment of socially backward classes;
- Which are well reflected by the increased participation of women, scs and sts population in higher education as shown by the report.
- Aishe findings are based on the responses of 1,019 universities, 39,955 colleges and 9,599 standalone institutions.
- In 2019-20:
- Colleges: 42,343(77%) and
- Stand-alone institutions: 11,779(21%).
Important features of all india survey on higher education report:
- Total enrolment in higher education stands at85 crores in 2019-20as compared to 3.74 crores in 2018-19, registering a growth of 11.36 lakh (3.04 %).
- Total enrollment was 3.42 crore in 2014-15.
- Gross enrolment ratio(ger), the percentage of students belonging to the eligible age group enrolled in higher education, in 2019-20 is 27.1% against 26.3% in 2018-19 and 24.3% in 2014-2015.
- A significant portion of this change comesfrom the female side.
- The ger for men has gone up from 25.4% to 26.9% over the last five years and the increase is much sharper for women i.e., from 23.5% in 2015-16 to 27.3% in 2019-20.
- The ger is a statistical measure for determining the number of students enrolled in undergraduate, postgraduate and research-level studies within the country and expressed as a percentage of the population in the 18-23 years age group.
- Gender parity index (gpi)in higher education in 2019-20 is 1.01 against 1.00 in 2018-19 indicating an improvement in the relative access to higher education for females of eligible age group compared to males.
- There are as many women as there are men enrolled in the bachelor of commerce (b.com) programme.
- This is the third major programme in the last five years where the gender gap in enrolment has closed after it happened in b.sc and mbbs programmes in 2017-18.
- The gender composition of student enrolmentin male-dominated programmes is changing rapidly with more and more women entering higher education.
- Pupil-teacher ratioin higher education in 2019-20 is 26.
- 38 crore students enrolled in programmes at under-graduate and post-graduate level. Out of these, nearly 85% of the students (2.85 crores) were enrolled in the six major disciplines such as humanities, science, commerce, engineering & technology, medical science and it & computer.
- The number of students pursuing phd in 2019-20 is 2.03 lakh against 1.17 lakh in 2014-15.
- The number of phds has increased by 60 per cent in the last five years.
- The share of phd student:
- State public universities with 29.8 per cent
- Institutes of national importance (inis) (23.2 per cent),
- Deemed-to-be private universities (13.9 per cent) and
- Central universities (13.6 per cent).
- At the phd level, the maximum numbers of students are enrolled in engineering and technology stream followed by science.
- The engineering and technology stream is divided into 19 sub-streams with a total number of 52478 students enrolled for phd and 1.77 lakh students at pg level.
- Computer engineering has the highest number of 7682 students enrolled for phd with 57.7 per cent male students.
- There are 5023 students enrolled in phd in foreign languages.
- Theforeign language stream is divided into five parts and english is at the top of the list.
- The total number of teachers stands at 15, 03,156 comprising 57.5% male and 42.5% female.