- Project Tiger was launched in the year 1973 to protect Tigers in India.
- It is a centrally Sponsored Scheme of the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) providing central assistance to the tiger States for tiger conservation in designated tiger reserves.
- National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is its implementing authority established in 2005 under Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- It has overarching supervisory/coordination role and approves the Tiger Conservation Plan prepared by the State Governments.
- NTCA consists of the Minister in charge of the MoEFCC (as Chairperson), the Minister of State in the MoEFCC (as Vice-Chairperson), 3 MPs, Secretary, MoEFCC.
- A Success story
- With a current population of about 3,000 tigers, India is home to more than 70% of the global tiger population.
- While Project Tiger initially covered 9 tiger reserves, India now has 53 reserves covering approximately 4% of the country’s geographical area.
- India achieved a doubling of tiger population in 2018, 4 years ahead of the targeted year 2022.
Protection status for Tiger
- IUCN red list categorises – Endangered
- Appendix I of CITES
Included in Schedule I and Schedule IV of Wildlife Protection Act