March 21, 2023

Why in news

  • It is a flagship publication of Department of Economic and Social Affairs o’ United Nations Secretariat.
    • Report builds on framework of Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA) and explores social and economic opportunities and challenges that population ageing presents. MIPAA was adopted at second World Assembly on Ageing in April 2002.
  • Key Findings
    • Number of persons aged 65 years or older is expected to double over next three decades surpassing 1.6 billion in 2050 (accounting for more than 16% of global population).
    • Northern Africa and Western Asia and sub-Saharan Africa are expected to experience fastest growth.
    • Poverty levels at older ages are typically hig her among women, due to lower levels of participation in formal labour markets, shorter working careers and lower wages compared to men.
  • Recommendations
    • Promote labour market participation, increase productivity, uphold good health and prevent poverty throughout people’s lifetimes.
    • Policies to reduce inequality and promote economic security at older ages in a fiscally sustainable manner.
  • Other global initiatives for Older people
    • UN Principles for Older Persons, 1991
    • UN designated 2021- 2030 as Decade of Healthy Ageing

Initiatives in India for the Elderly

  • Articles 38(1), 39 (e), 41 and 46 makes it incumbent on state to make provision for public assistance in old age.
  • Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007
  • Various schemes like Atal Vayo Abhyudaya Yojana,National Programme for the Health Care of Elderly, Pradhan Mantri Vaya Vandana Yojana etc.
  • India is a signatory to International conventions on ageing like MIPPA, UN Decade of Healthy Ageing etc.


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