Why in news ?
International Labour Organisation (ILO) published its report on International Migrant Workers. Report was published amid COVID-19 pandemic and increased global industrialisation that has impacted world’s economy by shift in workers crossing borders to look for employment.
Key findings of report
- As per ILO report, number of international migrant workers has increased to 169 million globally. It has increased by 3% since 2017.
- Share of youth migrant workers (aged 15-24) has also increased by almost 2% (accounting to 3.2 million) since 2017.
- COVID-19 pandemic has exposed baseless situation of international migrant workers because number has increased from 164 to 169 million.
- Women are over-represented in low-paid and low-skilled jobs.
- Women migrant workers have restricted access to social protection and fewer options are available for support services.
- Because of high youth employment rates, share of youth among international migrant workers has increased to 10 percent in 2019 from 8.3 per cent in 2017.
- Europe, Central Asia and America host 63.3 per cent of all migrant workers.
- Migrant workers accounted for about 59 per cent of the world’s international migrant population in 2017.