• India’s quality control orders (QCOs) were flagged as an area of concern by Canada, Japan, the UK and the EU recently as non-compliant with Agreement on Technical Barriers.
  • India has recently stepped up imposition of QCOs in order to ensure that cheap imports from China do not flood the Indian market.
  • Agreement on Technical Barriers to Trade
    • It provides regulations on technical standards including packaging, labeling requirements, and often environmental quality standards to be kept during the trade.
    • The WTO prescribes that members shall not adopt unnecessary obstacles to international trade while following these measures.
    • It harmonized the international standards of trade, technical regulations, and conformity assessment procedures.
  • About QCOs
    • The Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS), is the certifying authority for the QCOs.
    • The main aim of the QCO is to control the import of sub-quality and cheaper items and to ensure that customers get quality products.
    • They are applicable for International as well as domestic products.
  • As per India, all orders are completely in line with WTO norms and all countries have standards to ensure the safety of goods that are consumed.
    • Each country can have its separate standards, despite international norms.

About World Trade Organisation (WTO)

  • It is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations.
  • It covers over 98% of world trade.
  • Ministerial conferences assemble every 2 years.
  • HQ- Geneva, Switzerland
  • General Council is the top day-to-day decision-making body.


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