November 30, 2023


Recently, India in partnership with the International Buddhist Confederation (IBC) celebrated Asadha Poornima Dhamma Chakra Day 2021.

  • The day is also observed as Guru Poornima by both Buddhists and Hindus as a day to mark reverence to their Gurus.


  • It commemorates Buddha’s first sermon to his first five ascetic disciples. He gave his first knowledge to the world after attaining enlightenment.
  • The day marks the establishment of the Sangha, on a full-moon day of the month of Asadha, in the Indian Sun calendar at the ‘Deer Park’, Ṛṣipatana in the current day Sarnath, near Varanasi, India.
    • It is also known as Esala Poya in Sri Lanka and Asanha Bucha in Thailand.
    • It is the second most sacred day for Buddhists after the Buddha Poornima or Vesak.
  • This teaching of Dhamma Chakka- PavattanaSutta (Pali) or Dharma chakra Pravartana Sutra (Sanskrit) is also known as the First Turning of Wheels of Dharma and comprises the Four Noble Truths and Noble Eightfold Path.
    • Four Noble Truths:
      • Suffering (dukkha) is the essence of the world.
      • Every suffering has a cause – Samudya.
      • Suffering could be extinguished – Nirodha.
      • It can be achieved by following the Atthanga Magga (Eightfold Path)
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