WHY IN NEWS?
National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRD&PR), Hyderabad under the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD) presented “Hunarbaaz Awards” to 75 diyangjan candidates.
DDU-GKY and RSETI ka Hunarbaaz Awards
These awards have been instituted by the NIRD&PR, Hyderabad. These awards are presented to the candidates who were trained under the Deen Dayal Upadhyaya Grameen Kaushalya Yojana (DDU-GKY) and Rural Self Employment Training Institutes (RSETI) schemes and got placed & worked in the organizations for more than one year.
Union Ministers Nitin Gadkari and Venkaiah Naidu launched DDU-GKY on September 25, 2014 on the occasion of 98th birth anniversary of Pandit Deendayal Upadhyaya. It was launched with the vision of “Transforming poor youth from rural India into an economically independent and globally relevant workforce”. It is aimed at targeting youth, in the age group of 15–35 years. This scheme is a part of the National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM) and is tasked with the dual objectives of adding diversity to the incomes of poor families and cater to the career aspirations of youth from rural India. A corpus of Rs 1,500 crore was dedicated for this purpose. Under it, disbursements are made through a digital voucher directly into the bank account of students
WHY IN NEWS?
Vice-President M. Venkaiah Naidu presented the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) innovation on September 26, 2021.
About the project
Both the students developed gas saving kit. This kit would enable a family of four to source hot water for bathing as well as cooking food simultaneously. It will also allow water to flow through a copper coiled frame which have been kept over a flaming stove. In the process, water flowing through the outlet pipe is heated.
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
CSIR was established in September 1942 by the Government of India as an autonomous body. It is the largest research and development organisation in India. It is mainly funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology. However, it operates as an autonomous body under the Societies Registration Act, 1860. The research and development activities the organisation comprises of structural engineering, aerospace engineering, ocean sciences, chemicals, mining, life sciences, metallurgy, food, leather, petroleum, and environmental science.
WHY IN NEWS?
The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Delhi has set up a ‘Centre of Excellence (CoE) on Quantum Technologies’ in a bid to conduct research activities in the related field.
Focus areas of CoE
The centre of Excellence will focus on select thrust areas including quantum computing, quantum sensing & metrology, quantum communication and quantum materials & devices. Centre would undertake the design and development of new quantum materials. It would also undertake research activities related to the quantum processor & cryogenic controller, modelling and technology development of semiconducting qubits such as CMOS and 2D materials, quantum biophotonics, quantum sensing & metrology, development of single-photon detectors etc.
Significance of quantum physics
Quantum physics has impacted society in an unprecedented way, in some 100 years. In order to exploit the characteristics of quantum physics in light & materials, researchers invented both laser and the transistor. Inventions ranging form the basis of information technology, computers, the internet, etc has shaped the society up to a large extent. It was the first quantum revolution.
Second quantum revolution
Second quantum revolution is now round the corner. It is benefitting enormously from the advancements of ability to detect and manipulate single quantum objects like photons and atoms
WHY IN NEWS?
Voters in Switzerland decided to legalize same-sex marriage on September 26, 2021. It makes Switzerland one of the last countries in Western Europe to do so.
Federal government has approved the marriage laws in year 2020 and in the line, parliament had also approved them, granting all couples the same rights. However, opponents were seeking to limit marriages to unions between a man and a woman. Thus, they collected signatures to force a referendum.
Same sex couple in Switzerland
Same-sex couples in Switzerland have been able to enter into a civil partnership since 2007. It grants them some legal rights. However, it is not equal to a marriage.
Country not allowing same sex marriage
Italy is the only country in Western Europe which does not allow marriage between same-sex couples. It only allows civil unions
WHY IN NEWS?
Lewis Hamilton has become the first ever Formula-one driver who reached to his 100 wins after finishing at first in the Russian Grand Prix on September 26, 2021.
Sir Lewis Carl Davidson Hamilton
He is a British racing driver and currently competes in Formula One for Mercedes. He has previously driven for McLaren from 2007 to 2012. Hamilton has won the joint-record seven World Drivers’ Championship titles in Formula One. He also holds the records for the most wins, podium finishes and pole positions.
Hamilton was born and raised in Stevenage, Hertfordshire. In the year 1998, he joined the McLaren young driver programme. This led to a Formula One drive in 2007 with McLaren. In 2007 season, Hamilton set numerous records and finished runner-up to Kimi Raikkonen by one point. In the next season, he won his maiden title in dramatic fashion and become the then-youngest Formula One World Champion in history.
WHY IN NEWS?
Union Minister for Commerce, Industry and Textiles Piyush Goyal announced to set up a “Weaver Services and Design Resource Center” in Kullu district of Himachal Pradesh.
Weaving in Himachal Pradesh
Himachal Pradesh has the tremendous talent and potential with magical hands that weaves beautiful art products. Thus, there is a need to work proactively by State & Central Ministries in order to bring these products into the international market to get more befits. More attention should be paid on modernizing the design, packaging, quality and marketing in order to provide weavers a better price for their products at international market.
The union minister also suggested to organize district-wise exhibitions of products from the state in big cities, in five star hotels and people associated with the textile industry so that branding could be done for these products at national and international level. He also asked the weavers to get their trademark for which central government reduced the registration fee by 80 percent. He also urged the State Industries Department to focus on ways and means of improving the quality of wool used in manufacturing of handloom and handicraft products. According to the minister, there is a paramount need of focusing on standardized packaging.
WHY IN NEWS?
World Tourism Day is observed by the United Nations Organisations (UNO) on September 27, every year.
Theme of the day
In the year 2021, world tourism day was observed under the theme– ‘Tourism for Inclusive Growth’. This theme was designated by World Tourism Organisation (UNWTO) considering the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. The pandemic had a massive social and economic impact on the developed as well as the developing economies. So, the organisation believes that, tourism will help in the recovery and growth of the economies.
Significance of tourism sector
As per official website of United Nations Organisations (UNO), tourism is the most important economic sectors that employs and provide livelihood to one in every tenth person on Earth. In several countries, tourism represent more than 20 per cent of their GDP. The constant growth of the tourism sector in the last six decades reflects more progressive access towards tourism because of declining cost of transport and growth of middle classes worldwide.
UNWTO had instituted the World Tourism Day during a meeting that took place in Spain. This meeting commenced first celebration of the day in the year 1980. September 27 was chosen as the date to coincide with the 10th anniversary of the adoption of the UNWTO Statutes. UNWTO statutes were adopted on September 27, 1970.
Tourism amid covid-19
As per UNO, biggest crisis in the history of tourism was witnessed during 2020-2021. The international tourist arrivals were 85 per cent lesser as compared to tourism is 2019. It witnessed a drop of 65 per cent in 2020, in between January and May. However, despite a small revival in May 2021, emergence of new COVID-19 variants & continued restrictions are slowing the recovery of international travel. Though, domestic tourism has rebounded in many parts of the globe.
WHY IN NEWS?
Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission on September 27, 2021.
Prime Minister had announced the pilot project of National Digital Health Mission from the Red Fort on August 15, 2020.
About Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission
Significance of the scheme
This mission will also ensure ease of doing business for doctors & hospitals and healthcare service providers. It will also create interoperability within the digital health ecosystem, on the line of role played by the Unified Payments Interface in revolutionising payments
© 2023 Civilstap Himachal Design & Development