September 27, 2023

Indian Polity Quiz: Day: 113

With reference to the appointment of Judges to Supreme Court and High Courts in India, consider the following statements:
1. The Collegium of judges is the invention of Supreme Court.
2. High Court judges are recommended by a Collegium comprising the Chief Justice of India (CJI) and two senior-most judges.
3. Collegium has no role in the transfer of Chief Justices and other judges of high court.
Which of the statement given above is/are correct?
  • (A) 1 only
  • (B) 1 and 3 only
  • (C) 1 and 2 only
  • (D) 2 only
Which one of the following best defines the term ‘State’?
  • (A) A community of persons permanently occupying a definite territory independent of external control and possessing an organized government.
  • (B) A politically organized people of a definite territory and possessing an authority to govern them, maintain law and order, protect their natural rights and safeguard their means of sustenance.
  • (C) A number of persons who have been living in a definite territory for a very long time with their own culture, tradition and government
  • (D) A society permanently living in a definite territory with a central authority, an executive responsible to the central authority and an independent judiciary
Which of the following is not the criteria for deregistration of political parties in India?
  • (A) If its registration was obtained by fraud.
  • (B) If it is declared illegal by the Central Government.
  • (C) If a party amends its internal Constitution and notifies the ECI that it can no longer abide by the Indian Constitution.
  • (D) If it does not contest a single election either to the General Assembly of a State or the Parliament Election in the last 10 years.
Reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWS) was granted on the basis of recommendation of which of the following commission?
  • (A) Justice Rohini Commission
  • (B) S R Sinho Commission
  • (C) Justice Sorabjee Commission
  • (D) Mandal Commission
Which of the following statement is incorrect with reference to Vishwa Hindi Diwas?
  • (A) World Hindi Day or Vishwa Hindi Divas is celebrated every year on January 10th to mark the first World Hindi Conference that was held in Nagpur on January 10 in 1975.
  • (B) National Hindi Divas is celebrated on 14th September  commemorate the adoption of Hindi as an official language of India by the Constituent Assembly.
  • (C) The Eighth Schedule to the Constitution of India lists the official languages of the Republic of India.
  • (D) In 1975,  former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi declared that January 10 will be observed as World Hindi Day every year.
Supreme Court of India is hearing pleas challenging the constitutional validity of 103rd Constitutional Amendment Act. This act has been challenged on which of the following grounds?
.1 It violates the basic structure of the Constitution.
2. It violates the Supreme Court’s 1992 ruling in Indra Sawhney & Ors v Union of India.
3. It violates fundamental right to practise a trade/ profession of private, unaided educational institutions.
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
  • (A) 1 only
  • (B) 2 and 3 only
  • (C) 3 only
  • (D) 1, 2 and 3
With reference to the ‘Anti-Defection Law’, consider the following statements in the Indian context:
1. The Tenth Schedule - popularly known as the Anti-Defection Act - was included in the Constitution via the 52nd Amendment Act, 1985.
2. The law allows a party to merge with or into another party provided that at least half of its legislators are in favour of the merger.
3. The law applies to both Parliament and state assemblies.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  • (A) 1 only
  • (B) 1 and 3 only
  • (C) 1 and 2 only
  • (D) 3 only
As per the Constitution (Scheduled Castes) Order,1950 under Article 341, persons professing which of the following religions can be deemed to be a member of a Scheduled Caste?
1. Hinduism  
2. Buddhism
3. Christianity
4. Islam
5. Sikhism
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
  • (A) 1, 3 and 5 only
  • (B) 1 and 2 only
  • (C) 1, 2 and 5
  • (D) All of the above
With reference to the process of inclusion of a community into the list of Scheduled Tribes (ST) in India, consider the following statements:
1. The process begins at the level of a State or Union Territory with the concerned government or administration seeking the addition of a particular community to the ST list.
2. Appropriate Bill that amends the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order,1950 needs to be passed by the Lok Sabha only.
Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
  • (A) 1 only
  • (B) 2 only
  • (C) Both 1 and 2
  • (D) None of the above
Which one of the following factors constitutes the best safeguard of liberty in a liberal democracy?
  • (A) A committed judiciary
  • (B) Centralization of powers
  • (C) Elected government
  • (D) Separation of powers

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