July 23, 2024

Environment Quiz: Day 40

Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to adaptations of Desert plants and animal under hot and dry conditions?
1. Leaves of Desert Plants are absent or reduced in size.
2. Animals are nocturnal in habit to avoid the sun’s heat during daytime.
3. Animals and birds usually have long legs to keep the body away from the hot ground.
Select the correct answer using options given below:
  • (A) 1 only
  • (B) 1 and 2 only
  • (C) 1 and 3 only
  • (D) All of the Above
Which among the following statements is correct?
  • (A) A food chain can be built up to a maximum of ten levels/steps.
  • (B) Saprotrophs are secondary consumers that thrive on aquatic life forms to survive.
  • (C) The detritus food chain is made up of decomposers that degrade dead organic matter.
  • (D) All are correct.
Consider the following 'Critically Endangered Animal Species' of India:
1. Jerdon's Courser
2. Pygmy Hog
3. Namdapha Flying Squirrel
4. Hawksbill Turtle
Which of the given species is/are not 'mammals?"
  • (A) Only 1
  • (B) Only 2
  • (C) 1 and 4
  • (D) 1, 3 and 4
Which of the following Indian Biosphere Reserves have been included in the World network of Biosphere reserves under the Man Biosphere program of UNESCO:
1 Simplipal Biosphere Reserve
2. Achanakmar-Amarkantak Biosphere Reserve.
3. Pachmarhi Biosphere Reserve.
4. Kachchh Biosphere Reserve
  • (A) 1, 2 & 4 only.
  • (B) 1 & 3 only.
  • (C) 1,2,3 & 4.
  • (D) 1, 2 & 3 only.
"Aichi Targets" were declared in Nagoya Biodiversity conference held in Japan these are:
1. A twenty year strategy has been planned to achieve the objectives related to conservation of bio-diversity.
2. There are a total of 10 objectives in Aichi Target that has been divided under five strategic titles.
Which one / ones of the above mentioned above is/are incorrect?
  • (A) Only 1
  • (B) Both 1 and 2
  • (C) Only 2
  • (D) Neither of 1 and 2
The food chain, in which micro-organisms absorb and break down the energy rich compound synthesized by the producers is
  • (A) Grazing food chain
  • (B) Detritus food chain
  • (C) Both grazing and detritus food chains
  • (D) None of the above
Mycorrhiza promotes plant growth by
  • (A) Serving as a plant growth regulators
  • (B) Absorbing inorganic ions from soil
  • (C) Helping the plant in utilizing atmospheric nitrogen
  • (D) Protecting the plant from infection
Read the given statements and select the correct option.
Statement A : Cattle do not graze on weeds of Calotropis.
Statement B : Calotropis have thorns and spines, as defense against herbivores.
  • (A) Both statements A and B are incorrect.
  • (B) Statement A is correct, but statement B is incorrect.
  • (C) Both statements A and B are correct, but statement B is not the correct explanation of statement A.
  • (D) Both statements A and B are correct and statement B is the correct explanation of statement A
Depletion of which gas in the atmosphere can lead to an increased incidence of skin cancer?
  • (A) Ammonia
  • (B) Methane
  • (C) Nitrous oxide
  • (D) Ozone
Which one of the following are at high risk extinction due to habitat destruction
  • (A) Mammals
  • (B) Birds
  • (C) Amphibians
  • (D) Echinoderms
Recently two new national park were notified: DIHING PATKAI AND RAIMONA NATIONAL PARKS In which state these two National Parks are
  • (A) Assam
  • (B) Arunachal Pradesh
  • (C) Meghalaya
  • (D) Nagaland
Read the given statements and select the correct option.
Statement A : The Kigali Amendment to phase down HFCs under the Montreal Protocol entered into force in 2019.
Statement B : HFCs are very powerful greenhouse gases and a substantial number are short-lived climate pollutants with a lifetime of between 15 and 29 years in the atmosphere.
  • (A) Both statements A and B are incorrect.
  • (B) Statement A is correct, but statement B is incorrect.
  • (C) Both statements A and B are correct, but statement B is not the correct explanation of statement A.
  • (D) Both statements A and B are correct and statement B is the correct explanation of statement A
Which of the following statements is/are correct with respect to Green Bonds?
1 Green bonds are issued by companies, countries and multilateral organisations to exclusively fund projects that have positive environmental
2. Finance Minister in the Budget 2022 announced that the government proposes to issue sovereign green bonds Proceeds from these bonds are earmarked for green projects.
Select the correct answer using options given below:
  • (A) 1 only
  • (B) 1 and 2 only
  • (C) 1 and 3 only
  • (D) All of the Above
Biogeochemical cycling means
  • (A) Cycling of energy in an ecosystem
  • (B) Cycling of gases between plants and the atmosphere
  • (C) Cycling of nutrients in an ecosystem
  • (D) Cycling of water
Which one among the statements is not correct?
  • (A) Central American lowland and highland forests are identified as biodiversity hot spots
  • (B) The biodiversity hot spots are mostly confined to the tropical and subtropical areas of the world
  • (C) The South-East Asian islands are not rich In biodiversity
  • (D) None of these

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