India now has ________ women for every 1000 men, according to NFHS-5 and no longer faces the threat of a population explosion.
ANSWER : B
Why in news?
Recently, the fifth National Family Health Survey (NFHS) was released.
About NFHS Survey
- It is a large-scale, multi-round survey conducted in a representative sample of households throughout India.
- The survey provides state and national information for India on fertility, infant and child mortality, the practice of family planning, maternal and child health, reproductive health, nutrition, anaemia, utilization and quality of health and family planning services.
- The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHFW) designated the International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS) Mumbai, as the nodal agency, responsible for providing coordination and technical guidance for the survey.
- NFHS-5, the most comprehensive survey on socio-economic and health indicators in the country, shows some surprising demographic transitions.
- The previous four rounds of the NFHS were conducted in 1992-93, 1998-99, 2005-06 and 2015-16.
Highlights of the Report:
- Women outnumber men, fertility has decreased, and India is getting older: There were 1,020 women for 1000 men in the country in 2019-2021. This is the highest sex ratio for any NFHS survey as well as since the first modern synchronous census conducted in 1881.
- The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) has also come down below the threshold at which the population is expected to replace itself from one generation to next. TFR was 2 in 2019-2021, just below the replacement fertility rate of 2.1.
- Children’s nutrition improved but at a slower pace: The share of stunted (low height for age), wasted (low weight for height), and underweight (low weight for age) children have all come down since the last NFHS conducted in 2015-16. However, the share of severely wasted children has not, nor has the share of overweight (high weight for height) or anaemic children.
- India might be food secure, but nutrition is a problem for adults too: Though India might have achieved food security, 60% of Indians cannot afford nutritious diets.
- Anaemia:India’s battle with anaemia also appears to have faltered. The proportion of anaemic children (5-59 months) increased from 58% to 67%.Women aged 15-49 who were anaemic increased from 53% to 57% and men of the same age increased from 29% to 31% between both editions of the NFHS.
- Obesity:Nutritionally deficient diet likely explained the rise in obesity.Very challenging findings on waist-hip ratio. 56.7% women and 47.7% men have a high-risk waist-to-hip ratio.
Army chief observes military exercise ‘Dakshin Shakti’ in ________.
ANSWER : A
Why in news?
Army chief General M M Naravane recently observed military exercise ‘Dakshin Shakti’ with the Army and the Air Force taking part in it in Jaisalmer.
About military exercise ‘Dakshin Shakti’
Location of the exercise: The exercise began on Saturday in the deserts of Jaisalmer.
Participants:T-72, T-90 as well as Vijayanta tanks of the Army and the IAF’s Dhruv and Rudha helicopters, and the Jaguar fighter aircraft participated in the joint exercise.
Aim of the exercise: The drill aims to establish the best coordination among the wings of the armed forces, space technology and artificial intelligence.
Dignitaries present:General Officer-in-Commanding of the Army’s Southern Command, Lieutenant General JS Nain, JOC Battle X Division Major General Ajit Singh Gehlot were also present at the exercise.
The National Brain Research Centre (NBRC) under the Department of Biotechnology (DBT) has launched world’s first multimodal neuroimaging database called SWADESH. In which of the following city DBT-NBRC located ?
Why in news?
DBT-National Brain Research Centre (DBT-NBRC), recently developed project SWADESH, a unique brain initiative focusing on certified neuroimaging, neurochemical, neuropsychological data and analytics that are made accessible to researchers for managing brain disorders.It was inaugurated by Dr. Jitendra Singh, Union Minister of State (Independent Charge) for the Ministry of Science and Technology
SWADESH is the first large-scale multimodal neuroimaging database designed specifically for Indian population with big-data architecture and analytics for various disease categories under one platform.
6 modules covered under SWADESH:The initiative proposes a big-data architecture that manages and analyzes six modules namely neurodegenerative [Alzheimer’s Disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and Parkinson’s disease (PD)], neuropsychiatric (schizophrenia and bipolar disorder), neurodevelopmental (autism and epilepsy), COVID-19-related disorders and other disorders.
Clinical research tools developed through SWADESH by DBT-NBRC are:
- GAURI system uses adaptive pattern recognition and learning schemes for predictive single or differential diagnosis, designed with MRI modalities and neuropsychological batteries.
- NINS-STAT is a high-performance state-of-the-art automated statistical test selection and execution software package with high applicability in clinical research.
- KALPANA is an integrative package for visualization, preprocessing, and quantitation of MRS data.
- PRATEEKanalyzes multimodal neuroimaging data that minimizes the need for expertise in handling different neuroimaging tools for processing and analyzing multimodal data.
- BHARAT, a big-data analytic model for early diagnostic biomarkers of AD.
Which state has approved the proposal to create cyber tehsils in the state ?
ANSWER – C
Why in news?
Recently, Madhya Pradesh Cabinet approved the proposal to create cyber tehsils. This was informed by Home Minister Narottam Mishra, adding that the state will be the first across the country to do so.
About Cyber Tehsils:
- Cyber Tehsil will help in making the property mutation process easy and people will be able to take the benefit of the system from anywhere in the state.
- In addition, the Cyber Tehsil will make the process of conversion convenient in the cases of undisputed land through this service.
WHO WON THE HOT WEATHER CHAMPIONSHIP ?
ANSWER : A
Why in news?
Recently, National Multidimensional Index of India (MPI) report issued by the Niti Aayog
About Multidimensional Index of India (MPI) report and Himachal Pradesh
- Himachal Pradesh has bagged the 23rd position in the National Multidimensional Index of India (MPI) report issued by the Niti Aayog, with 7.62 per cent of its population being multi-dimensionally poor.
- Chamba tops the state with 11.27 per cent MPI, while Sirmaur and Solan district were at the second and third position with MPI of 10.88 and 9.24 per cent, respectively.
- Smaller district ofKullu was at the fourth position with 8.97 per cent MPI while Mandi is ahead of tribal districts Lahaul-Spiti and Kinnaur, registering MPI of 8.3 per cent as against 7.7 per cent registered by Lahaul-Spiti, which occupies the sixth position among districts. Presence of industrial clusters appears to have failed to alleviate poverty in Solan and Sirmaur. Bilaspur secured MPI of 7.54 per cent and occupied the seventh position while Shimla is marginally better at eight position with MPI of 7.5 per cent.
- The state’s biggest district of Kangrahas MPI of 5.88 per cent where Una stood next with MPI of 5.12 per cent, followed by Kinnaur at 5.10 per cent and Hamirpur has the lowest MPI score of 4.60 per cent. The MPI was found to be more pronounced in rural areas.
- On parameters of nutrition, there are 27.2 per cent households where a child between the age of 0 to 59 months or women between the ages of 0 to 49 years or men between the ages of 15 to 54 years have been found to be undernourished.
- As many as 3.8 per cent households have a school-aged child not attending school. The school
- attendance is deficient from 0.9 to 1.1 per cent for varying school-going aged children.
ACCORDING TO MULTIDIMENSIONAL INDEX OF INDIA, WHICH CITY OF HIMACHAL GOT TOP IN HEALTH, EDUCATION AND STANDARD OF LIVING ?