Kinzhal missiles, seen recently in news, have been developed by which country?
- Russia has claimed to have used Kinzhal missiles for the first time in Ukraine.
- Kinzhal, which means dagger, is an air-launched hypersonic missile with a reported range of 1,500-2,000km. It can carry nuclear payload of 480 kg.
- Hypersonic describes any speed faster than five times that of sound.
- Hypersonic weapons are normally defined as fast, low-flying, and highly maneuverable weapons designed to be too quick and agile for traditional missile defence systems to detect in time.
Santali along with the Bodo, Dogri and Maithili languages, was added to Schedule VIII of Indian constitution by?
- For the first time, Indian Constitution is translated into Santali script ‘Ol Chiki’.
- 92nd Constitutional Amendment Act 2003 added Santali to Schedule VIII along with the Bodo, Dogri and Maithili languages.
- Santals community is concentrated in several states including Assam, Tripura, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, Odisha and Jharkhand.
- They speak Santali language which belongs to the Munda group of Austro-Asiatic sub-family of languages.
- Santals are well known for their housing architecture with colourfully painted walls, floors and artistically carved doors.
- Their primary occupation is settled agriculture.
Consider the following statements with respect to Kala Namak Rice-
1. It has been GI tag from state of Bihar.
2. It is a non-basmati scented rice variety and resistant to rice diseases such as panicle blast, stem rot.
3. It is also known as 'Buddha ka Mahaprasad'.
Which of the above statements are correct?
- The ministry said that to promote exports of locally Geographical Indications (GI) tagged agricultural products, the government is identifying new products and export destinations.
- The government, through the Agricultural and Processed Food Export Development Authority (APEDA), has been facilitating trial shipments of certain products into new markets.
- The products include Kala Namak rice, Naga Mircha etc.
About Kala Namak Rice
- Deriving its name from the black husk (kala) and a mild salty (namak) taste, it is considered as one of the finest rice varieties.
- It has been awarded GI Tag from Uttar Pradesh.
- It is a non-basmati scented rice variety grown primarily in tarai region of Uttar Pradesh.
- It is highly resistant to rice diseases such as panicle blast, stem rot and brown spot.
- Water requirement is also low compared to Basmati.
- It is also known as ‘Buddha ka Mahaprasad’ (an offering to Lord Buddha).
- It has been rebranded as Buddha Rice in order to promote it in Buddhist countries.
Consider the following statements regarding United Nations World Water Development Report-
1. It is released by UNESCO on behalf of UN-Water.
2. As per the report, China is largest groundwater-user globally followed by India.
Which of the above statements are correct?
- Report titled ‘Groundwater: Making the invisible visible’ describes the challenges and opportunities associated with development, management and governance of groundwater.
- Report is released by UNESCO on behalf of UN-Water, which coordinates efforts of UN entities and international organizations working on water and sanitation issues.
- Key findings
- Groundwater presently provides half of the volume of water withdrawn for domestic use by global population and around 25% of all water used for Irrigation.
- An estimated four billion people live in areas that suffer from severe physical water scarcity for at least one month per year.
- Development of groundwater could act as a catalyst for economic growth by increasing extent of irrigated areas and therefore improving agricultural yields and crop diversity.
- India is largest groundwater-user globally followed by China and Pakistan.
- China, India, Iran, Pakistan and US account for about 70% of unsustainable water footprint.
- Collecting groundwater data for monitoring.
- Strengthening environmental regulations for groundwater pollution.
- Reinforcing human, material and financial resources by way of increasing groundwater professionals among the staff of institutions as well as local and national government.
- Financing and supporting groundwater departments/agencies.
Who has recently become All-time Leading Scorer in professional football?
- Manchester United forward Cristiano Ronaldo has become the all-time leading scorer (professional football) with 807 goals, after scoring 3 goals against Tottenham Hotspur during the English Premier League 2022. Previously the record was held by Austro-Czech Josef Bican who scored 805 goals from 1931 to 1955.
- Cristiano Ronaldo scored the 807 goals while playing for Lisbon (5), Manchester United (136), Real Madrid (450), Juventus (101) and the Portuguese national team (115).
- Brazilian strikers Pele and Romario de Souza Faria each have scored more than 1000 goals during their careers, but the statistics include goals in amateur, unofficial and friendly matches.
Which state has become the first state in India to introduce carbon-neutral agricultural practices?
- Kerala became the first state in India to introduce carbon-neutral agricultural practices in select locations for better soil health.
- The Kerala Government in its Budget 2022-23, allocated ₹6 crore for introducing Carbon-neutral farming methods in the state.
- In the first phase, the Agriculture Department will implement the carbon-neutral farming in 13 farms including in tribal areas and steps were also taken to convert the State Seed Farm at Aluva to a carbon-neutral farm.
- In the second phase, model carbon-neutral farms will be developed in all the 140 Assembly constituencies.
About Carbon-Neutral Farming
- Carbon-neutral farming is the technique of decreasing carbon emissions and aid carbon storage in the soil, through techniques such as Integrated fanning methods, Crop rotation, Fertigation, Precision Farming methods, Shifting how the soil is irrigated, and restricting the haphazard use of Fertiliser application.
Consider the following statements regarding National AIDS and STD Control Programme-
1. It is a Central sector scheme completely funded by the central government.
2. It was launched in 2002 with objective to slow down spread of HIV infections.
Which of the above statements are correct?
- Union Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs, chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi, has given its approval for the continuation of National AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome) and Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) Control Programme (NACP) for 5 years from 1 April, 2021 to 31 March, 2026 with an outlay of Rs. 15,471.94 crore by approving phase-V of the programme.
- The Phase-IV (Extension) of National AIDS and STD Control Programme (NACP) was concluded on 31 March, 2021.
- The NACP Phase-V will work towards the attainment of United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals 3.3 of ending the HIV/AIDS epidemic as a public health threat by 2030 through a comprehensive package of prevention, detection and treatment services.
About National AIDS and STD Control Programme (NACP):
- It is a Central sector scheme which is completely funded by the Government of India.
- The national AIDS response was initiated by the Indian government in 1992 with the launch of the first phase of the NACP.
- Progress of NACP:
- India recorded annual new HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infections declined in cases by 48% against the global average of 31 % (the baseline year of 2010).
- Annual AIDS-related deaths have declined by 82 % against the global average of 42 % (the baseline year of 2010).
- HIV prevalence in India continues to be low with an adult HIV prevalence of 0.22%.
About Human Immunodeficiency Virus
- It is a virus that attacks the body’s immune system. The untreated HIV can lead to AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency syndrome).
About Sexually Transmitted Diseases
- These diseases are passed from one person to another through sexual contact. Examples-Gonorrhea, HIV/AIDS, Syphilis.
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has recently signed the MoU with the tripartite partnership for One Health. UNEP headquarters are located in-
- United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) has signed the Memorandum of understanding with the tripartite partnership for One Health, bringing together the Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO), the World Health Organisation (WHO) and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE), formally the Quadripartite partnership at its annual executive meeting held on 18 March 2022 at Nairobi, Kenya.
- The UNEP will offer the expertise required to tackle the ecological dimension of human and animal health.
- The Quadripartite alliance will now focus on a One Health Joint Plan of Action, which includes six action tracks. They are
- Enhancing countries’ capacity to strengthen health systems under a One Health approach.
- Reducing the risks from emerging or resurfacing zoonotic epidemics and pandemics.
- Controlling and eliminating endemic – zoonotic diseases, neglected tropical diseases and vector-borne diseases.
- Strengthening the assessment, management and communication of food safety risks.
- Curbing the silent pandemic of Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR).
- Better integrating the environment into the One Health approach.
About One Health:
- The One Health approach aims to sustainably balance and optimize the health of people, animals, ecosystems and the wider environment.
- It mobilises multiple sectors, disciplines and communities to work together to foster well-being and tackle threats to health and ecosystems.
- It also addresses the collective need for clean energy, water and air, safe and nutritious food, action on climate change, and contributing to sustainable development.
About United Nation Environment Program (UNEP)
- The United Nation Environment Program was established by Maurice Strong, its first director, after the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm on 5th June 1972.
- Headquarters are located in Nairobi, Kenya.
The International Day for the Right to the Truth is celebrated on-
- United Nationshas recognised March 24 to be observed as the International Day for the Right to the Truth concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims every year.
- The day aims to pay tribute to those who have devoted their lives or lost their lives in, the struggle to promote and protect human rights for all.
- This day is observed on 24th March every year to pay tribute to “Monsignor Óscar Arnulfo Romero” as he was murdered on 24 March 1980.
- He was actively engaged in criticizing violations of the human rights of the most vulnerable individuals in El Salvador.
- The day was proclaimed by the United Nations in December 2010,to say no to all forms of violence, injustice and oppression against humanity.
Which state assembly has become the first paperless assembly by implementing e-Vidhan application?
- Nagaland has created history by becoming the first State Assembly in the country to implement the National e-Vidhan Application (NeVA) programme to become completely paperless.
- The Nagaland Assembly Secretariat has attached a tablet or e-book on each table in the 60 members’ assembly amid the ongoing Budget session.
About the NeVA:
- NeVA is a work-flow system deployed on NIC Cloud, MeghRaj which helps the Chair of the House to conduct the proceedings of the House smoothly and to conduct Legislative Business of the House in a Paperless manner.
- NeVA is a device neutral and member-centric application created to equip them to handle diverse House Business smartly by putting entire information regarding member contact details, rules of procedure, list of business, notices, bulletins, bills, starred/unstarred questions and answers, papers laid, committee reports etc. in their handheld devices/ tablets and equip all Legislatures / Departments to handle it efficiently.
The World Tuberculosis Day was observed on 24th March recently. Its theme this year was-
- World Tuberculosis Day is observed every year on 24 March to create awareness among the public about the global epidemic of tuberculosis (TB) and efforts to eliminate the disease.
- The date marks the day in 1882 when Dr Robert Koch announced that he had discovered the bacterium that causes TB, which opened the way towards diagnosing and curing this disease.
- The theme of World TB Day 2022 – ‘Invest to End TB. Save Lives.’–conveys the urgent need to invest resources to ramp up the fight against TB and achieve the commitments to end TB made by global leaders.
- Tuberculosis (TB) is a potentially serious infectious disease that mainly affects your lungs.
- The bacteria that cause tuberculosis are spread from one person to another through tiny droplets released into the air via coughs and sneezes.
- Tuberculosis can also affect other parts of your body, including your kidneys, spine or brain.
- When TB occurs outside your lungs, signs and symptoms vary according to the organs involved. For example, tuberculosis of the spine can cause back pain, and tuberculosis in kidneys might cause blood in the
India conducts EX-DUSTLIK with which of the following countries?
- The 3rd edition of the joint training exercise named EX-DUSTLIK between the Indian army and Uzbekistan army begins at Yangiarik, Uzbekistan from 22 to 31 March 2022. The last edition of DUSTLIK was conducted in Ranikhet (Uttarakhand) in March 2021.
- The Indian contingent will be represented by the Grenadiers Regiment and will join the Uzbekistan Army contingent represented by troops of the North-Western Military District.
About the Exercise:
- The joint exercise would focus on Counter-Terrorism operations in semi-urban terrain under a United Nations Mandate.
- The training schedule will focus primarily on sharing of tactical level drills and learning of best practices from each other.
- The exercise aims at enhancing understanding, cooperation and interoperability between two armies.
Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Shivaram Rajguru were hanged for murder of-
- Every year, the Nation was observed on March 23rd as Martyrs Day (Shaheed Diwas or Sarvodaya Day).
- The day was observed to pay tribute to the death anniversary of the freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar, and Shivaram Rajguru, who laid their lives for the freedom of India.
- Also, 30 January is observed as Martyr’s Day or Shaheed Diwas in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi.
History of the day
- On March 23, three heroes of our nation were hanged to death, namely Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru, and Sukhdev Thapar by the British.
- They sacrificed their lives for the welfare of our nation. These heroes fought for the welfare of people and sacrificed their lives for the same cause.
- For many young Indians, Bhagat Singh, Rajguru, Sukhdev have become a source of inspiration. Even during British rule, their sacrifice urged many people to come forth and fight for their freedom. Therefore, in order to homage to the three of these revolutionaries, India has commemorated March 23 as Shaheed Diwas.
- They were hanged to death for assassinating John Saunders, a British police officer in 1928.
- They had mistook him for British police superintendent James Scott. It was Scott who had ordered lathi-charge, which eventually led to the death of Lala Lajpat Rai.